pp. 1987-2001 | Article Number: iejme.2016.177
Published Online: September 01, 2016
Article Views: 203 | Article Download: 246
The structure of the morphogenesis processes is justified at the altitude mountain systems of the Northern Tien Shan, which is naturally determined not only for the mountain ridges, but also for the intermontane basins. According to the structure, the following exomorphodynamic zones are clearly distinguished: submontane-lowland, low-mountain, mid-mountain and high-mountain. In the intermontane basins, the differentiation of fluvial geomorphogenesis processes is well expressed and five high-rise fluvial zones are developed. Among geomorphological processes in the structure of Northern Tien Shan exomorphogenesis, special hazard could be caused by mudflow, avalanche, landslide-crumbling conditions, dike breaking and mudflow storage reservoirs’ or water tanks’ jetties. The relevance of adverse geomorphological phenomena studying is determined by the need in health and safety and development of measures to manage the possible geomorphological risks.
Keywords: Mountain morphogenesis; intermontane basins; morphodynamic processes; Tian Shan; mountain mudflows
Abuziarova, R. Y. (1967) Neogene floras of the mountain regions of central Asia and Southern Kazakhstan. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 5(4), 269–277.
Agalareva, M. N. (2013) State and dynamics of erosion-accumulative processes along the Bulgarian Danube riverside, 66(8), 1159–1166.
Argyriou, A. V., Teeuw, R. M., Rust, D. & Sarris, A. (2016) GIS multi-criteria decision analysis for assessment and mapping of neotectonic landscape deformation. Geomorphology, 253, 262–27.
Atakulov, T., Ospanbaev, Z., Alkenov, Y. & Köller, K. (2013) Requirements for double-cropping in the south-eastern region of Kazakhstan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 27(7), 931–934.
Bao, W. & Zhang, H. (2010) Climate change and tourism development in mountain areas of China Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism, 686–689.
Bekseitova, R. T., Veselova, L. K., Sagymbay, O. & Shmarova, I. N. (2014a) Mining production and status of geomorphological environment of the platform denudation plains. The Geological Society of America, 11, 89–94.
Bekseitova, R. T., Veselova, L. K., Koshim, A. G. & Kozhahmetova, U. K. (2014b) Morpho-orographic and morpho-climatic factors of exomorphic dynamics of denudation platform plains of Kazakhstan. The Geological Society of America, 11, 243–249.
Belyaevsky, N. A., Borisov, A. A., Fedynsky, V. V., Fotiadi, E. E., Subbotin, S. I. & Volvovsky, I. S. (1973) Structure of the earth’s crust on the territory of the U. S. S. R. The Geological Society of America, 20(4), 35–45.
Blomdin, R., Heyman, J., Stroeven, A. P., Hättestrand, C., Harbor, J. M., Gribenski, N. &Walther, M. (2016) Glacial geomorphology of the Altai and Western Sayan Mountains, Central Asia. Journal of Maps, 12(1), 123–136.
Brantley, S. L., Lebedeva, M. & Hausrath, E. M. (2012) A Geobiological View of Weathering and Erosion. Journal of Maps, 5, 205–227.
Bulanov, S. A. (2008) Stratification of morphogenesis and step structure of morphosculpture in the Central Asian mountain belt. Journal of Arboriculture, 2, 84–89.
Bullen, M. E., Burbank, D. W., Garver, J. I. & Abdrakhmatov, K. Y. (2001) Late Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the northwestern Tien Shan: New age estimates for the initiation of mountain building. Geo Science World, 113(12), 1544–1559.
Fonstad, M. A., Dietrich, J. T., Courville, B. C., Jensen, J. L. & Carbonneau, P. E. (2013) Topographic structure from motion: A new development in photogrammetric measurement. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 38(4), 421–430.
Giano, S. I. (2016) Geomorphology of the Agri intermontane basin (val d’Agri-Lagonegrese National Park, Southern Italy) Journal of Maps, 12(4), 639–648.
Golosov, V. N., Seta, M. Dela, Azhigirov, A. A., Kuznetsova, J. U. S., Delmonte, M., Fredi, P. &Grigor’Eva, T. M. (2012) Anthropogenic impact on exogenous processes in low mountains of semitropics. Developments in Earth Surface Processes, 2, 7–17.
Grossman, G. M. & Krueger, A. B. (1995) Economic Growth and the Environment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110(2), 353–377.
Gulnura, I., Abuduwaili, J. & Oleg, S. (2013) Deflation processes and their role in desertification of the southern Pre-Balkhash deserts. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 7(11), 4513–4521.
Gutiérrez, M. & Gutiérrez, F. (2013) Climatic Geomorphology. Elsevier Inc., 13, 115–131.
Hagg, W., Mayer, C., Lambrecht, A., Kriegel, D. & Azizov, E. (2013) Glacier changes in the Big Naryn basin, Central Tian Shan. Global and Planetary Change, 110, 40–50.
Havenith, H. B., Abdrakhmatov, K., Torgoev, I., Ischuk, A., Strom, A., Bystrický, E. & Cipciar, A. (2013) Earthquakes, landslides, dams and reservoirs in the Tien Shan, central Asia. Landslide Science and Practice, 6, 27–31.
Hewitt, K. (2013) «The great lateral moraine», Karakoram Himalaya, Inner Asia. Supplementi di Geografia Fisica e Dinamica Quaternaria, 36(1), 81–94.
Hillier, J. K. (2011) Submarine Geomorphology. Quantitative Methods Illustrated with the Hawaiian Volcanoes. Loughborough University Institutional Repository, 15, 359–375.
Jolivet, M., Heilbronn, G., Robin, C., Barrier, L., Bourquin, S., Guo, Z. &Fu, B. (2013) Reconstructing the Late Palaeozoic - Mesozoic topographic evolution of the Chinese Tian Shan: Available data and remaining uncertainties. Advances in Geosciences, 37, 7–18
Khromova, T., Nosenko, G., Kutuzov, S., Muraviev, A. & Chernova, L. (2014) Glacier area changes in Northern Eurasia. Environmental Research Letters, 9(1), 47-56.
Krestnikov, V. N. & Nersesov, I. L. (1964) Tectonic structure of the Pamirs and Tien-Shan with relation to the MohoroviČiĆ discontinuity. Tectonophysics, 6(8), 1341–1369.
Kromuszczyńska, O., Mège, D., Castaldo, L., Gurgurewicz, J., Makowska, M., Dębniak, K. & Jelínek, R. (2016) Evaluation of the EGNOS service for topographic profiling in field geosciences. Geomorphology, 268, 253–265.
Kurbanova, S. G., Gasanov, I. M. & Denmukhametov, R. R. (2015) Creep and floodplain defluxion study in the east of the Russian plain. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(13), 237–241.
Labonté, R., Sanders, D., Packer, C. & Schaay, N. (2014) Is the Alma Ata vision of comprehensive primary health care viable? Findings from an international project. Global Health Action, 7, 249-297.
Li, Y., Zhao, M., Guo, P., Zheng, J., Li, Z., Li, F. & Dong, S. (2016) Comprehensive evaluation of ski resort development conditions in northern China. Chinese Geographical Science, 26(3), 401–409.
Makarov, V. I. (2012) Compositional, structural, and geodynamic controls of the evolution of inter- and intramontane basins of the Tien Shan. Landslide Science and Practice, 53(4), 367–375.
Novikov, I. S., Dyad’kov, P. G., Kozlova, M. P., Mamedov, G. M., Mikheeva, A. V. & Cherkas, O. V. (2014) Recent tectonics and seismicity of the western Altai-Sayan mountainous region. Landslide Science and Practice, 55(12), 1441–1451.
Payo, A., Hall, J. W., French, J., Sutherland, J., van Maanen, B., Nicholls, R. J. & Reeve, D. E. (2016) Causal Loop. Analysis of coastal geomorphological systems, 256, 36–48.
Robb, C., Willis, I., Arnold, N. & Gudmundsson, S. (2015) A semi-automated method for mapping glacial geomorphology tested at Breidamerkurjökull, Iceland. Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 163, 80–90.
Romanova, S., Tursunov, E., Dostay, J. & Kazangapova, N. (2011) Hydrochemistry river Ile and its tributaries. Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University, (4), 183–187.
Selander, J., Oskin, M., Ormukov, C. & Abdrakhmatov, K. (2012) Inherited strike-slip faults as an origin for basement-cored uplifts. Landslide Science and Practice, 31(4), 153-166.
Selvarani, A. G., Maheswaran, G. & Elangovan, K. (2016) Identification of Artificial Recharge Sites for Noyyal River Basin Using GIS and Remote Sensing. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 1(11), 253-267.
Semenov-Tian-Shansky, P. P. (1865) The geographical-statistical dictionary of the Russian Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 384p.
Shangguan, D. H., Bolch, T., Ding, Y. J., Kröhnert, M., Pieczonka, T., Wetzel, H. U. & Liu, S. Y. (2015) Mass changes of southern and northern inylchek glacier, Central Tian Shan, kyrgyzstan, during ∼1975 and 2007 derived from remote sensing data. The Cryosphere, 9(2), 703–717.
Sidnev A. V. & Ho, М. (2015) The comparative characteristic of development of the Zaisan and Junggar basins of the Northern Tien Shan and problems of prospecting of hydrocarbons in the North-West of China. International Journal Of Applied And Fundamental Research, 5(3), 353-365.
Sizov, N. I., Akimenko, R. M., Aref’ev, V. N., Kashin, F. V., Orozaliev, M. D., Sinyakov, V. P. & Sorokina, L. I. (2015) Variability of atmospheric aerosol optical depth over the Northern Tian Shan. Austrian Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 40(3), 180–185.
Spencer, C. J., Roberts, N. M. W., Cawood, P. A., Hawkesworth, C. J., Prave, A. R., Antonini, A. S. M. & Horstwood, M. S. A. (2014) Intermontane basins and bimodal volcanism at the onset of the Sveconorwegian Orogeny, southern Norway. Precambrian Research, 252, 107–118.
Strom, A. L., Havenith, H. B. & Korup, O. (2006) Bedrock landslides in the Tien Shan. International Association for Mathematical Geology, 4, 164-175.
Ufimtsev, G. F. (2009) Geomorphological features of the Western Tien Shan. Landslide Science and Practice, 30(2), 156–160.
Wang, C., Esaki, T., Xie, M. & Qiu, C. (2006) Landslide and debris-flow hazard analysis and prediction using GIS in Minamata–Hougawachi area, Japan. Environmental Geology, 51(1), 91–102.
Zakifyanov, K. K., Andruschishin, I. F. & Makogonov, A. N . (2013) The status and perspectives of development of sport in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Asian Open Championships, 9, 101–104.
Zhang, Y., Wang, J., Munnecke, A. & Li, Y. (2015) Ramp morphology controlling the facies differentiation of a Late Ordovician reef complex at Bachu, Tarim Block, NW China. Lethaia, 48(4), 509–521.
Zhenyu, N., Renyi, P., Chuanchuan, L., Mei, Z. & Gengnian, L. (2014) Analysis of the glacial geomorphological characteristics of the last glacial in the tianger area, tien shan, and their paleoclimate implications. Annals of Glaciology, 55(66), 52–60.
Zhong, P., Kong, Y., Wang, X., Xu, B. & Wang, Y. (2014) Study on method for estimation of dynamic control bounds of flood limited water level in cascade reservoirs. Journal of Hydroelectric Engineering, 33(5), 36–43.