pp. 1577-1590 | Article Number: iejme.2016.141
Published Online: August 26, 2016
Article Views: 204 | Article Download: 237
The problem of anthropogenic changes in the agrochemical, chemical and physical properties of dark-chestnut carbonate soils of the Northern Kazakhstan as a result of extensive use in agriculture is considered in the article. It was analyzed the characteristics of degradation processes and their estimation. There was a decrease of humus content, gross forms of nitrogen and phosphorus. The amount of absorbed bases also showed a decrease in direct correlation with the size fraction (<0.001 and 0.01 mm). It was identified and justified the need to develop techniques to restore the potential and effective soil fertility. An analysis of the closest to the target recovery methods of soil humus is given. An objective assessment taking into account the actual organizational and economic, agronomic and technological features and capabilities are shown. The necessity of a comprehensive approach to the restoration of the potential and effective soil fertility with the use of traditional and new approach, a focused management approach soil fertility in relation to the zonal conditions, allowing at the same time to solve two major problems - the restoration of soil fertility, and the optimization of supply, which ensures high efficiency and environmental safety the use of chemicals was justified.
Keywords: Extensive agriculture, degradation, humus mineralization, green manure, restoration of soil fertility
Akhanov, Zh. U. (1997) The problems of reproduction of soil of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In Condition and rational use of fertilizers: collection of scientific papers (pp. 8-14). Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Anon. (1995) Instruction in conducting of large scale soil studies of soils in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Almaty, Kazakhstan, 126 p.
Anon. (2012) Consolidated analytical report on the status and use of lands of Kazakhstan. Astana, Kazakhstan, 208 p.
Chernenok, V. G. (1993) Theoretical foundations of optimization and diagnosis of mineral nutrition of crops in the dry steppe zone of the Northern Kazakhstan. (Doctoral dissertation of agricultural science in the form of scientific report. Omsk, Rusia, 386 p.
Chernenok, V. G. (1996) For evaluation of diagnostic methods, Akmola: S. Seifullin AAU, 190 p.
Chernenok, V. G. (1997) Nitrogen regime of soil of the Northern Kazakhstan and application of nitrogen fertilizers. Akmola: S. Seifullin AAU, 200 p.
Chernenok, V. G. (2009) Scientific bases and practical methods of managing soil fertility and crop productivity in the Northern Kazakhstan. Almaty, Kazakhstan, 322 p.
Dobrovolskiy, G. V. (1985) Soil protection. Moscow: MSU, 288 p.
Eleshev, R. E., Kucherov, V. S. (2007) Farming of the zone of dry steppe of the Western Kazakhstan. Uralsk, Rusia, 280 p.
Fedorov, М. V. (1952) Biological nitrogen fixation of atmosphere. Moscow: Nauka, 422 p.
Fokin, A. D. (1983) The main components of soil humus balance and quantitative assessment. Organic matter and soil fertility: Collection of scientific works (pp. 3-12).
Kucherov, V. S., Turganbayev, T. A., (2009) Some aspects of farming of steppe Piuralya. Science and education, 1, 18-22.
Kurishbayev, A. K. (1997) Humus condition of the main arable soils of Kazakhstan and ways of its regulation. Almaty, Kazakhstan, 482 p.
Kurishbayev, A. K. (2006) Agricultural science: problems and perspectives. Herald of agricultural science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 11, 3-4.
Lykov, A. M. (1985) Humus and soil fertility. Moscow: Moscow worker.
Marchenko, V. A. (1988) Modelling the dynamics of humus in different tillage. In Soil fertility of Stavropol and techniques improve it: Collection of works (pp. 129-134). Stavropol, Rusia.
Percival, R. V. et al. (2013) Environmental regulation: Law, Science, and Policy. Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 1302 p.
Ponomarenko, Y. V., Zholdasbekova, B. A., Balabekov, A. T., Kenzhebekova, R. I., Yessaliyev, A. A., Larchenkova, L. A. (2016) Modern Methodology and Techniques Aimed at Developing the Environmentally Responsible Personality. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(9), 2877-2885.
Saparov, A. S. (2002) Ways to enhance the productivity of agricultural crops and soil fertility in the market. Bulletin of Agricultural Science of Kazakhstan, 8, 27-29.
Sauerbeck, D. R., Johnen, B. G. (1977) Formation and decomposition during plant growth. Soil organic matter Studies 1, 141-149.
Shenyavsky, A. L. (1973) Evaluation of soil fertility by humus balance. Moscow: Nauka, 322 p.
Shevtsova, L. K. (1983) The use of nitrogen fertilizers on soil and application of different fertilizers on sod-podzolic soils. Report of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 4, 18-19.
Sychev, V. G. (2000) Guidelines for the determination of the nutrient balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium. Moscow: Cinao, 422 p.
Tietenberg, T. H., Lewis, L. (2016) Environmental and natural resource economics. Routledge, 324 p.
Tyurin, I. V. (1956) The soil-forming process, soil fertility and the problem in pedology and agriculure. Pochvovedenie, 1(3), 34-45.
Welte, E. (1955) Neuere Ergebnisse in der Humus-forschung. Angew Chem, 67, 153-155.
Ricca, N., Guagliardi, I.(2014) Multi-temporal dynamics of land use patterns in a site of community importance in southern Italy. APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 13(3): 677-691