pp. 1033-1049 | Article Number: iejme.2016.093
Published Online: July 29, 2016
Article Views: 728 | Article Download: 850
The article discusses development of innovative entrepreneurship in the Republic of Kazakhstan, reveals innovative business development problems, and shows experience in government support of innovative business. The authors made practical recommendations on developing mechanisms for government support of innovative entrepreneurship and conducted a survey of businesses to identify the role of government support in the development of innovative entrepreneurship. The object of the research is to analyze the modern approaches to the establishment of government support mechanisms of innovative entrepreneurship. The methodology of this study is based on the systems approach, such as methods of scientific cognition as comparative analysis, generalization, deduction, systematization, surveys, polls, interviews, statistical data processing and case studies. The results of this research is justification of multi-level approach to government support of innovative entrepreneurship and differentiation of the government support of innovative entrepreneurship according to the level of development and stage of the economic cycle. In conclusion, it was emphasized that, in times of crisis, it is necessary to give preference to indirect methods of support (tax breaks, preferential loans, government support for financial leasing, franchising and support for small and medium enterprises engaged in manufacturing and distribution of innovation).
Keywords: Innovative entrepreneurship / business; government support of innovative business; innovation-active enterprises; multi-level approach; grant funding
Aliev, U. (2015) The General Theory of Innovation. Proceedings of the Scientific Seminar "Innovative Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Astana: Eurasian National University, 52-57
Arundel, A. (2007) Innovation Surveys: What Impact on Innovation Policy, in Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World: Responding to Policy Needs. Paris: OECD, 49-64.
Bayzholova, R.& Tankimov, B. (2015) Innovation as a Factor of Sustainable Future of the Economy of Kazakhstan. Proceedings of the Scientific Seminar "Innovative Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan", Astana: Eurasian National University, 39-43.
Blinov, A. (1997) Technoparks: Essence, Problems of Formation. Marketing, 3, 91-97.
Busygin, A. (2000) Business. Moscow: Economika, 188 p.
Dauranov, I. (2002) Small Business of Kazakhstan. Almaty: Mir: 168 p.
Drukker, P. (1985) Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Practice and Principles. Moscow: “Williams”, 432 p.
European Commission. (2014). DG Research and Innovation. The Need for Innovations in Business Models. Final Policy Brief. Direct access: https://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/pdf/expert-groups/ERIAB-BMI_PB_new_business_models.pdf.
European Innovation Scoreboard. (2013) European Commission. Direct access: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/files/ius-2013_en.pdf.
Gribovskiy, A. & Ushakova, S. (2014) Mechanisms of Government Support of Small Innovative Businesses Abroad. Science. Innovation. Education, 16, 205-221.
Innovation for Growth. (2013). OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard. Direct access: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/science-and-technology/oecd-science-technology-and-industry-scoreboard-2013_sti_scoreboard-2013-en.
Kantarbayeva, A. (2008) The economic Regulators of Business Support. Astana: Raritet, 101 p.
Mamyrov, N. (2007) The basis of business. Almaty: Economika, 188 p.
Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities. (2005) Oslo Manual Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data. OECD and EUROSTAT. Direct access: http://www.oecd.org/science/inno/2367580.pdf.
Okayev, K. (2000) Business in the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty: Economika, 2000.
Panzabekova, A. & Ruzanov, R. (2013) Innovative Development of the National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Institutional Environment and Priorities. Proceedings of the International Scientific-Practical Conference "Strategy “Kazakhstan – 2050”. Astana: Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 99-104
Research and Innovation performance in the EU. European commission. Innovation Union progress at country level 2014. (2014) Direct access: http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/pdf/state-of-the-union/2014/iuc_progress_report_2014.pdf.
Research and Innovation Report (2014) Research and Innovation Policy. Direct access: http://www.sgi-network.org/docs/2014/thematic/SGI2014_Research_and_Innovation.pdf.
Santo, B. (1990) Innovation as Instrument of Economic Development. Moscow: Progress, 295 p.
Schumpeter, Y. (1982) The Theory of Economic Development. Moscow: Progress, 140 p.
Shimshikov, Z. (2013) Global Innovation Trends and the Government Innovation Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan.Proceedings of the International Scientific-Practical Conference "Strategy “Kazakhstan – 2050” (pp. 41-48), Astana: Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 547 p.
Stone, A., Rose, S., Lal, B. & Shipp, S. (2008) Measuring Innovation and Intangibles: A Business Perspective. Washington D.C: Institute for Defense Analysis, Science and Technology Policy Institute. Direct access: https://www.ida.org/upload/stpi/pdfs/ida-d-3704.pdf.
Sydykov, K. & Shaynurov, A. (2008) Problems of Small Business Development. Almaty: “Zhety zhargy”, 160 p.
The Government Program of the Republic Kazakhstan of Forced Industrial Innovative Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan. (2010). Direct access: http://www.sgi-network.org/docs/2010
The Global Competitiveness Report (2013–2014). World Economic Forum. Direct access: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_ Global CompetitivenessReport_2013-14.pdf
The Interindustry Plan of Scientific-Technological Development of the Country up to 2020, dated November 30, 2010 No. 1291.
The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Government Support of Industrial Innovation” dated 26.01.2012, No. 29 (26848).
The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Science” dated February, 18, 2011, No. 407-IV.
The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Subsoil and Subsurface Use” (with changes and additions from 04.07.2013).
The Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On the Approval of the Performance-2020 Program” dated 14.03.2011, No. 254.
The Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On the Approval of the Program of Innovations and Assistance to Technological Modernization in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2010 – 2014 years” (2010) dated November, 30, 2010, No. 1308.
Toksanova, A. (2007) The basis of Business Activity. Astana: Print-S, 480 p.
Toksanova, A., Galiyeva, A. & Galinova, A. (2015) Financial and Investment Mechanisms for the Implementation of Strategic Plans of the Financial-Industrial Groups. Journal of Kazakh University of Economics, Finance and International Trade, 1, 12-20.
Utkin, E., Morozova, G. I.& Morozova, N. I. (1996) Innovative Management. Moscow: AKALIS, 208 p.
Zhatkanbayeva, E. (2009) Small Business. Almaty: Al-Farabi Kazakh National University press, 144