pp. 35-42 | Article Number: iejme.2016.296
Published Online: December 21, 2016
Article Views: 643 | Article Download: 570
The relevance of the study is conditioned by the re-estimation of values in modern society and a new understanding of security issues. As a result, security has acquired a complex structure, including the security of the individual in the process of life activity, protection of natural environment (biosphere), national security and global security. The purpose of the paper is to develop practical advice for teaching of university students the mechanisms of self-government of safe behavior. The leading approach to the study is the personal-activity-based approach, which allows considering the mechanisms of self-government of safe behavior of the individual as a set of techniques and methods of self-protection of the vital interests and countering the dangers and threats. The study involves 500 teachers, 500 students who have defined the criteria for effective mechanisms of self-government of safe behavior. The main results of the study is the development of mechanisms to counter the negative information and psychological effects (cognitive, emotional, behavioral) and mechanisms of information-psychological self-protection implemented in the unconscious, the subconscious, the conscious level. The significance of the results obtained is in the fact that the developed mechanisms for countering negative information and psychological influences contribute to the effectiveness of coping behavior, achieved by specially organized activity to overcome the dangers and threats and ensure personal safety. Mechanisms of information-psychological self-protection provide protection of the individual from the internal psychological discomfort or external psychological impact, cause the formation and development of adequate information and a rough basis of life activity.
Keywords: Security of the person, coping behavior, information-psychological self-defense
Abulkhanova-Slavskaya, K.A. (1980). Activities and Personality Psychology. Moscow, "Nauka" Publishing House.
Antsyferova, L.I. (1994). Person in difficult conditions: preconception, transformation of situations and psychological protection. Psychological journal, 15, 3-18.
Bouchard, G., Guillemette, A. & Landry-Leger, N. (2004). Situational and dispositional coping: an examination of their personality, cognitive appraisals and psychological distress. European Journal of Personality, 18, 221–238.
Brown, S.P., Westbrook, R.A. & Challagalla, G. (2005). Good Cope, Bad Cope: Adaptive and maladaptive doping strategies following a critical negative work event. Journal of applied psychology, 4, 982–798.
Ebata, A. & Moos, T. (1991). Coping and adjustment in distressed and healthy adolescents. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 12, 33-54.
Folkman, S., Schaefer, C. & Lazarus, R. (1979). Cognitive Processes as Mediators of Stress and Coping. Human Stress and Cognition.Chapter, 9, 265–298.
Grachov, G.V. (1998). Information-psychological security of the person: the condition and the possibility of psychological protection. Moscow: Publishing House of the RASA.
Grekhnev, V.S. (2006). Information society and education. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 7. Philosophy, 6, 88-106.
Horney, K. (1991). Final Lectures, ed. Douglas H. Ingram. New York: W. W. Norton.
Horney, K. (2000). Our internal conflicts. Moscow: April-Press, Publishing house Eksmo-Press.
Ivanov, P.A. & Garanyan, N.G. (2010). Testing of the questionnaire of coping strategies (COPE). Psychological Science and Education, 1, 82-93.
Kara-Murza, S.G. (2008). Manipulation of consciousness. Moscow: Eksmo.
Konopkin, O.A. (2005). Structural and functional and content-psychological aspects of self-conscious. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 1, 27-42.
Konopkin, O.A. (2008). Conscious self-regulation as a criterion of subjectivity. Questions of Psychology, 3, 22-34.
Kuznetsov, S.A. (2000). Great Dictionary of Russian language. St. Petersburg: Ripol-Norint.
Lasarus, R. (2006). Emotions and interpersonal relationships: toward a person-centered conceptualization of emotions and coping. Journal of Personality, 74, 9–43.
Lasarus, R. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
Maslow, A.H. (1959). New Knowledge in Human Values. New York: Harper & Row.
Leontjev, A.N. (1975). Activities. Consciousness. Personality. Moscow: Politizdat.
Lunev, A.N. & Pugacheva, N.B. (2013), Historical forms of state, family and private education. Sociology, Psychology, Pedagogy, 4, 11-16.
Lunev, A.N. & Pugacheva, N.B., (2014). Information-psychological security of the person: philosophical aspect. Society: Philosophy, History, Culture, 1, 11-16.
Lunev, A.N., Pugacheva, N.B. & Stukolova, L.Z. (2014), Strategies and trends of municipal educational system development. Scientific-Methodical Electronic Journal Concept, 3, 14-60.
Manoilo, A.V. (2003). State information policy in special circumstances. Moscow: Moscow Engineering Physics Institute.
Moss, R.H. & Schaefer, J.A. (1986). Life transitions and crises.Coping with life crises.An integrative approach. New York: Plenum Press.
Murray, Н.L. (2007).Explorations in Personality. New York: Oxford Academ.
Nepomnyaschaya, N.I. (2001). Psycho-diagnostic study of personality: Theory and Practice. Moscow: Publishing Center for Humanities VLADOS.
Parshukova, G.B. (2006). Information competence of the individual. Diagnostics and formation. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk State Technical University Publishing House.
Petrova, T.N., Kirillova, O.V., Sokolova, S.G., Pugacheva, N.B., Galimullina, A.F., Maksimova, O.G., Antonova, T.V. & Kozhanov, V.V. (2016). Education as the Management of Research Universities Students' Socialization. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(2), 28-33.
Petrovsky, A.V. & Yaroshevskiy, M.G. (2001). Theoretical psychology. Moscow: Academy.
Posokhova, S.T. & Solovjeva, S.L. (2008). Handbook of Practical Psychology. Moscow: AST.
Pronina, L.A. (2008). Information technology in the preservation of cultural heritage. Analysis of Cultural Studies, 12, 75-78.
Pugacheva, N.B., Ezhov, S.G., Kozhanov, I.V., Kozhanova, M.B., Ogorodnikova, S.V., Oshaev, A.G., Timonin, A.I. & Goloshumova, G.S. (2016). The model of self-realization readiness formation of research universities students in the process of civic education. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6, 128-133.
Schneier, B. (2003). Beyond Fear: Thinking Sensibly about Security in an Uncertain World. NewYork: CopernicusBooks.
Tsygankov, P.A. (2010). Human security in the context of international politics: theory and practice questions. Proceedings of scientific seminar. Moscow: Moscow State University.
Tsyrdya, F.N. & Ursul, A.D. (2016). Information security of the person as a decisive factor in human survival strategy. Direct access: http://security.ase.md/publ/ru/pubru23.html
Verbina, G.G. (2013). Psychological security of the person. Bulletin of Chuvash University, 4, 196-202.
Wasserman, L.I., Iovlev, B.V., Isaeva, E.R., Trifonova, E.A., Schelkova, O.Yu., Novozhilova, M.Yu. & Vuks, A.Ya. (2009). Methods of psychological diagnostics methods of coping with stressful and problematic situations for the individual. St. Petersburg: Publishing house of Psycho-neurological Research Institute named after Bekhterevp.
Yefimova, N.S. (2010). Bases of psychological security. Moscow: ID FORUM: INFRA-M p.