International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education

Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 2017 - Volume 12 Issue 3, pp. 431-445
  • Published Online: 18 Jun 2017
  • Article Views: 564 | Article Download: 824
  • Open Access Full Text (PDF)
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Dezhkam B. Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing. Int Elect J Math Ed. 2017;12(3), 431-445.
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Dezhkam, 2017)
Reference: Dezhkam, B. (2017). Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 12(3), 431-445.
Chicago
In-text citation: (Dezhkam, 2017)
Reference: Dezhkam, Behzad. "Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education 2017 12 no. 3 (2017): 431-445.
Harvard
In-text citation: (Dezhkam, 2017)
Reference: Dezhkam, B. (2017). Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 12(3), pp. 431-445.
MLA
In-text citation: (Dezhkam, 2017)
Reference: Dezhkam, Behzad "Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, vol. 12, no. 3, 2017, pp. 431-445.
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Dezhkam B. Investigating Performance of Plastic Hinge in Steel Frames by Knee Bracing. Int Elect J Math Ed. 2017;12(3):431-45.

Abstract

Constructing plastic hinges and the way of their distribution and failure mechanism can play an important role on seismic structures design. Mechanism type affect frame sensitivity toward secondary effects, total and local ductility, energy absorption and structure resistance before damage, general instability and destruction. Failure mechanism of moment frames under earthquake effect could be mentioned as three general types (first, second and third). The first type resulted from constructing hinges in beams and columns in the first few -story up, the second one resulted from constructing hinges in beams and columns of few upper -story and the third type including mechanism of one middle floor. Failure mechanism of general type is a special mode of the second type mechanism in which, plastic hinges locating at the two ends of beams and the first floor columns near the  connection to the foundation. Based on researches, this type of mechanism shows the most amount of energy absorption against earth quack. Knee bracing frame is appropriate as an energy dissipation system composed of ductility and lateral stiffness which has good performance against lateral loads specially earthquake. In this paper, forming plastic hinges of components and the base shear of different steel systems and comparing them with knee bracing lateral load system in three, five and seven -story frames using regulations of FEMA356 and ATC-40.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.