Synthesis of Wideband Signals with Irregular Bi-level Structure of Power Spectrum
Nikolay E. Bystrov, Irina N. Zhukova, Vladislav M. Reganov & Sergey D. Chebotarev
pp. 3187-3195 | Article Number: iejme.2016.260
Radar sensors are wide spread as ranging and navigation systems, especially in ATC and prevention of wings’ collisions. Traffic handing on routes and commuter areas is held with their use. Therefore, improving the noise immunity of radar sensors remains as priority, especially in aviation sector. In this connection, we consider a synthesis method of complex signals with irregular bi-level structure envelope of power spectrum. We conducted analysis of synthetic signal’s spectral characteristics. We described the possibility of the use of such signals for frequency clutter rejection localized in a relatively small range of Doppler frequency shifts. The frequency rejection of ground reflection is proposed to improve the noise immunity of radar sensors.
Keywords: Radar sensors, wideband signals, bi-level irregular structure, power spectrum, noise immunity improvement
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Actual Problems of Audit in the Republic of Kazakhstan
Gulnara D. Amanova, Aigul U. Abdrahmanova, Bibigul Zh. Akimova, Kunsulu Zh. Saduakassova, Gauhar Zh. Zhumabekova, & Assem A. Kazhmukhametova
pp. 3197-3202 | Article Number: iejme.2016.261
The purpose of the research is to examine the current problems in the system of audit in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Analyzing both national regulatory legal acts and data from the Agency of Statistics of the Republic, the features of external public audit and internal state audit tasks were examined. Moreover, the dynamics of violations revealed by the Accounts Committee during 2013-2015 is presented. Thus, the authors show the considerable part of detected contraventions is accounted for violations in the budget funds expenditure and in the misuse of state assets. Experience of organization of appropriate control bodies in advanced as well as in developing countries was excluded. The paper proves the importance of complex audit system as a part of state strategies of economic competitiveness improvement.
Keywords: Audit systems, financial control institutions, budgetary spending regulation, joint audit, the Accounts Committee, the Republic of Kazakhstan
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Traditional Folk, Vocal and Professional Songs as the Basis for Development and Modernization of the New Forms of Kazakh Musical Stage
Bagym Maksatovna Mukhitdenova
pp. 3203-3219 | Article Number: iejme.2016.262
Amid modern socio-cultural situation the core of traditional culture for most of the nations is their immaterial part, and primarily, folk song traditions, which is of key importance in conditions of aggressive pressing from mass culture. It is in demand not only from the perspective of adaptation mechanism, but also from the standpoint of creative potential as a factor of stable development in conditions of social modernization. In recent years many nations are manifesting a tendency for national and cultural revival. It’s necessary to get closer to own origins. And the origins constitute the history, culture and spirituality of the nation. This article describes the process of formation of Kazakh variety art in the 30-ies of ХХ century, its development in the period of the Khrushchev thaw (60-70-ies) and later in the years of independence (the end of ХХ – beginning of ХХI century), is the first analysis of the methods of overcoming ideological taboos of the socialist society in former republic of the USSR, the extension of the living space of the traditional music on the stage, obtaining new forms of existence. This was possible due to the transition to an open democratic society, expansion of cultural horizons and the availability of international experience.
Keywords: Nomadic culture, the great silk road, totalitarian ideology, pop song, Kazakh song folklore
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Pedagogical Research Methods of Training in Higher Educational Establishments: A Comparative Analysis
Yelena V. Ponomarenko, Rabiga I. Kenzhebekova, Aidarbek A. Yessaliyev, Kulahmet Moldabek, Liudmila A. Larchenkova, Serik S. Dairbekov, & Gulnara Jumagulova
pp. 3221-3232 | Article Number: iejme.2016.263
Competent professionals’ preparation is a priority objective and purpose of modern education. The problem is that there is a constant change of educational paradigms in developing countries. That hinders formation of an integrated methodology system for individual subjects, which takes into account their specific features. The article analyzes the main teaching methods, shows cause-and-effect linkage. The article proves that paying attention on one particular teaching method and ignoring others creates difficulties in students’ comprehensive understanding of the subject. As a result, students can learn the material only to extent the chosen method can provide. The paper also carried professionals’ experience generalization in considered issues, conducted interviews with students, in which they gave an assessment of educational program and personal training; statistical survey data are presented in results. Thus, it is necessary to develop methodology system for each subject that will have the greatest explanatory potential to obtain a comprehensive knowledge of the subject and to form students’ competence. This article may serve as a theoretical source for future academic lesson plans’ formation for higher educational establishments.
Keywords: Research method, comparative analysis, higher educational establishment, training, pedagogical diagnostics
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The Romanovs and national education. Essays on the history of the establishment of Russian education and enlightenment system during the reign of the Romanov dynasty (1613 - 1917)
Yury Petrovich Kozhayev ,Yury Igorevich Smirnov , Irina Mikhailovna Kornilova , Nela Mikhailovna Bagnovskaya , Natalya Vladimirovna Barinova
pp. 3233-3241 | Article Number: iejme.2016.264
The relevance of the research is determined by some aspects of establishment and development of the public enlightenment and education system in the age of the Romanov dynasty reign (1613 – 1917). The authors of the work pay special attention to the role of the ruling dynasty in the gradual and consistent reformation character of the national education system in all its manifestations, and also challenges faced by the modern Russian society, which cannot disregard the experience of its predecessors in this area. For this reason, the purpose of this article is to research archive materials, research the education system starting from the czardom of Mikhail Fyodorovich Romanov up to 1917.
Keywords: Russian education, enlightenment, the Romanov dynasty, public education
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Teachers in Russian Schools: Working Conditions and Causes of Dissatisfaction
P. E. Tsarkov, V. V. Hoblyk
pp. 3243-3260 | Article Number: iejme.2016.265
The article is devoted to studying the causes of discontent, management methods at school, dynamics of teachers’ wealth status; it is based on statistical data and results-of all-Russian sociological studies, the timing of the teachers’ working time conducted in 2015-2016. The model of teachers’ professional self-identification has been proposed. Besides, dynamics of teachers’ salaries in the Russian Federation over the past two years have been shown. A review of the mood of protest among teachers due to dissatisfaction with conditions and salaries has been presented; characteristics and causes of their arising have been defined.
Keywords: sociology of education, work of teachers, study of school education, study of teachers’ working conditions
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Verbal Image in Linguistic Culture: Stages of Formation
Olga A. Valikova
pp. 3261-3276 | Article Number: iejme.2016.266
The article considers the phenomenon of verbal image in today’s multicultural society. Saturation of the individual living space with information explains the active demand for reduction concepts such as images, templates, etc. Studying the image as an identification code of an individual is a relevant issuenot only in the context of social interaction, but also regarding linguopragmatic aspects of its modeling. This study aims at theoretical understanding of the verbal component of the image. This component is defined as a super-text unity, designed to form an established opinion about a person of the collective addressee. The main goal of the article is to identify the formation stages of the verbal image regarding the linguistic features of a person, linguistic and cultural settings, and expectations of the audience. In this research we used the following basic methods:descriptive (involving review, systematization and interpretation of scientific works on the issue);explanatory (in particular, a method of linguistic and cultural commentary);the method of theoretical modeling (development of certain techniques within the stated problematics). The main conclusion of the study is that the image is a set of components, with the verbal one as the most important among these. Its main function is externalization of internal resources of an individual and the creation of “a communicative bridge” between the image of a person, and his audience. The article proposes the demonstrative technique of the verbal image formation, which may vary depending on the intentions of the image-person (the addressant). This method involves such actions as goal setting, diagnostics of the linguo-prototype and its transformation in the verbal image, as well as the analysis linguocultural context. This study presents an attempt to outline the range of important issues in this area.
Keywords: Verbal Image Linguistic Culture Linguistic Manipulation
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Professional and Personal Mobility of Teaching Staff in the Implementation of Standard of Preschool Education in the Russian Federation
Nina Fedina, Irina Burmykina, Vladimir Eliseev, Elena Vasilieva, Marija Lazareva, Elena Kosygina, Angela Len, Natalia Ott, Tatiana Tarasenko
pp. 3277-3288 | Article Number: iejme.2016.268
The purpose of the article is the empirical study of levels of professional and personal mobility of teaching staff at preschool educational institutions, as well as teachers of universities and colleges to identify ways and means of its improvement with the adoption of the pre-school education standard. Key methods of investigation, the results of which are provided in the article are: the analysis of scientific literature on the issue of research, empirical methods, including observation, expert evaluation, ranking, proprietary questionnaires and feedback forms, statistical analysis of data. Data obtained in the study are formed by individual questioning of 206 respondents during 2016. The study empirically detected levels of professional and personal mobility of teaching staff at preschool educational institutions, universities and colleges, i.e. cognitive, motivational and activity-based. The activity-based level of professional and personal mobility of all respondents as the ability to implement the standard of pre-school education and vocational educational effectiveness is not expressed clearly enough. Heads at preschool educational institutions have the lowest level of activity-based mobility. The results of the study allowed identifying common level indicators of professional and personal mobility of staffing at different levels of education in the implementation of the standard of preschool education: adaptive (low), practical (average) and creative (high). In general, the overall practical (average) level of professional and personal mobility with the implementation of the standard of preschool education prevails in all groups of respondents. The research results can be applied in practice to develop professional and personal mobility of executives, educators, speech therapists, psychologists at pre-school educational institutions, as well as teachers at universities and teacher training colleges in the conditions of the introduction of pre-school education standard.
Keywords: Professional and Personal Mobility of Staffing in the Context of Implementation of Pre-School Education Standard in Russia, Levels of Professional and Personal Mobility
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The Development of the Education Quality Assurance System in the Context of Socio-Economic Growth of the Cross-Border Region
Svetlana E. Starostina, Natalia A. Kazachek, Julia S. Tokareva,
pp. 3289-3300 | Article Number: iejme.2016.269
Modern high-tech production based on knowledge, the democratization of society and processes of globalization and regionalization form a new, dynamic labor market and actualize the problem of preparation of highly skilled professionals who ensure the stability of economic development and its integration into the world economic space. All this requires the educational institutions to not only constantly change and improve educational programs and technologies, but also to upgrade quality of higher education, due to the wide dissemination of guidelines for quality assurance in a cross-border higher education of UNESCO and OECD, as well as the creation of transparent intramural systems of education quality assurance for representatives of the labor market.
The purpose of the article is to present the results of theoretical and empirical research problems of improving intramural system of education quality assurance, aimed at increasing the competitiveness and efficiency of the university management in terms of socio-economic development of the cross-border region.
The study was conducted by methods of comparative analysis, monitoring, foresight methods. The theoretical basis for the study was multi-standard approach.
Practical implementation of the study is related to the development of the program of development of intramural system of education quality assurance, aimed at improving the competitiveness and efficiency of the management of the university. Consistency in the education quality assurance and confirmation of compliance of the system with the established international standards gives “credibility” on the part of the professional community and employers, and as a result, provides competitiveness in the domestic and international markets of educational services.
Keywords: education quality assurance, the program of development, regional labor market, foresight methods, monitoring the quality of education
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Multicultural Education in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan: General Trends and National Peculiarities
Olga K. Logvinova, Galina P. Ivanova, Aizhan T. Shakirtova
pp. 3301-3312 | Article Number: iejme.2016.270
The objective of this study consists in the comparative analysis of the theory and practice of multicultural education in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan. The work is performed within the scope of comparative educational research methodology. Main attention is paid to the comparative analysis of the legal framework and concepts of multicultural education, as well as to the content of multicultural education in higher education institutions. The article identifies and describes the general trends and national peculiarities of multicultural education in the partner countries. Both in Russia and in Kazakhstan, the multicultural education refers to a relatively new field of pedagogical knowledge and is an alternative to international education. In contrast to the Western tradition, the Russian and Kazakh pedagogical theory and practice consider multicultural education mainly in the context of ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity of modern society. The authors relate the further prospects of the development of multicultural education in the partner countries to the activation of the state's policy in this area, implementation of an appropriate pedagogical education, improvement of the theoretical foundations of multicultural education and provision of technological support for teachers in correspondence with changing socio-cultural concepts. The research results are of interest to a wide range of experts in the field of education, and extend the possibility to assess the development of education systems in Russia and Kazakhstan.
Keywords: Multicultural Education, Comparative Education, Russian Federation, Republic of Kazakhstan
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Theoretical and Methodical Foundations for the Process of Forming Professional Logistics Competences of Spa managers at the Higher Educational Institution
Natalya Ivanovna Nikitina, Elena Yurievna Romanova, Irina Nikolaevna Nikishina, Veronica Mickhailovna Grebennikova, Natalya Avtionova & Maria Danilova
pp. 3313-3328 | Article Number: iejme.2016.271
The article reveals theoretical and methodological foundations of the process of forming logistics competences in a future Manager of a sanatorium complex at the University. A set of theoretical and empirical methods was used in the study to analyze and systematize Russian and foreign experience in logistics training of the Spa managers at the University and normative-legal documents relevant for the subject matter of the study. The authors applied interviewing of respondents, monitoring of educational-professional practices; testing of students; methods of mathematical statistics were employed for quantitative and qualitative analysis of the research results. The logistics training for students majoring in 'Management of organizations (specialization: hotel, resort and tourist business)' is one of the important elements of the higher professional education system at Russian universities. For graduates in this specialty (managers of the Spa complexes) logistics is not only an academic discipline but also a professional tool of analysis and management of the processes for the provision of a wide range of Spa services. The necessity to form different types of competences (including professional-logistics ones) of the graduates majoring in 'Management of organizations' is associated with the transition of the Russian system of higher education to the competence-based training model. The authors of the article analyze the results of the long-term (2003-2015) experimental work in the field of vocational and applied (practice-oriented) logistics training of future managers of Spa resorts. This research has shown that the formed system of professional and logistics competences of the sanatorium complex managers significantly increases their competitiveness and mobility in the labor market, contributes to the successful labor adaptation of young professionals.
Keywords: Sanatorium Complex Manager, Spa Services, Professional-Logistics Competence, Professional Training in the University, Students’ Logistic Projects
Anikin, B. A. (2009). Logistics. Moscow: "INFRA-M", 327 p.
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Innovative Components in the Educational Strategy of Training the Modern Graduates
Svetlana V. Barabanova, Rozalina V. Shagieva, Svetlana S. Gorokhova, Olga V. Popova, Artemiy A. Rozhnov & Anna V. Popova
pp. 3329-3338 | Article Number: iejme.2016.272
This article is devoted to formation of multicultural knowledge during the training of a modern engineer. New courses and innovative educational programs of Russian higher schools allow us to solve new problems of graduate adaptation to living in the multilingual community.The problem under study is important today because there is a need for bilingual teaching and learning and for forming multicultural knowledge within training the modern highly-qualified professionals, and also because of the lack of previous investigation in the aspects of pedagogical, institutional, and even personal nature that would allow solving the new tasks of adapting the graduates to the learning and working conditions in a multilingual society. This article is aimed at substantiating a theoretical model of a system of various methods to adapt foreign students to the educational environment of a Russian university and to promote the Russian students’ opportunities to be educated abroad. The leading method of approaching to this problem is the method of social and pedagogical experiment that allows us to consider this problem as a process of the students’ focused and conscious mastering the skills of energetically acting as a public space agent, when in the country of stay. This article presents a system of various methods to adapt foreign students to the educational environment of a Russian university and to promote the Russian students’ opportunities to be educated abroad, which system consists of the interrelated elements of pedagogical, institutional, and even personal nature, their special features having been shown, and the algorithm of implementing such methods having been developed. The theoretical model presented is aimed, first of all, at promoting the Russian students’ opportunities to be educated abroad, and it is focused on adapting the graduates to the learning and working conditions in a multilingual society.
Keywords: Jurisprudence; bilingualism; multiculturalism; engineering education; academic mobility
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Priorities of Teaching Mathematics in Universities
Arkady I. Maron
pp. 3339-3350 | Article Number: iejme.2016.273
The research urgency is caused by necessity to build a clear hierarchy of objectives of teaching mathematics for different groups of professions (technical, economic, humanitarian) in Universities. Defining priorities allows focusing on the most important goals of teaching mathematics. In this regard, this paper is focused on the calculation of numerical values of priorities of the following strategic objectives in teaching mathematics: the formation of mathematical competences for the solution of professional tasks; the formation of logical thinking; the education of mathematical culture in teaching mathematics. These are the very goals which determine the mission of teaching mathematics in high school. A leading approach to the study of such problems is a method of hierarchies’ analysis by Thomas Saaty which allows bringing the qualitative (linguistic) expert assessment of the objectives’ importance into the quantitative values of their priorities. The author has modernized this method, organized the process of peer-review assessment of the objectives’ importance in teaching mathematics and first got the numerical values of the priorities, showing the importance of each of the objectives to achieve the goal of teaching mathematics in high school. The materials of the article are of practical value for teachers of mathematics, heads of departments of mathematics and academic managers in higher education institutions, since the hierarchy of objectives allows highlighting of the most important ones in the development of curricula, programs of mathematical disciplines and teaching methods.
Keywords: Teaching; mathematics; university; goals; priorities
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Why Asian children outperform students from other countries? Linguistic and parental influences comparing Chinese and Italian children in Preschool Education
Benedetto Di Paola
pp. 3351-3359 | Article Number: iejme.2016.274
This paper focusing on the complex situation of the Italian multiculturalism and trying to reply to why Asian children mathematically outperform students from other countries, discusses from the epistemological point of view, Chinese children’s skills before to start their formal education in Italian educational school context. A review of the literature, comparing pre-schoolers competences of Asian and Western students, reveals two important influenced factors: linguistic and parental stimuli. In particular many researchers showed that the structure of the Chinese language provides in children a head start in basic math skills, for example to discover, since preschool activities, a pre-algebraic structures of writing. An example with numbers is shown in the paper.
Other studies also show that Asian parents, compared to the Western cultures ones, tend to promote in a strong way the development of good basic mathematics skills and a stronger epistemological discipline foundation.
A general framework on these two important aspects for the education context is presented with the aim to help teacher and researchers to better understand Chinese and Italian possible different cognitive styles in mathematics learning just from Preschool.
Keywords: Education, Multiculturalism, Preschool, Chinese and Italian students, Chinese written language
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Measurement of Scorecard Balance
Tatiana A. Burtseva and Nikolay Y. Chausow
pp. 3361-3370 | Article Number: iejme.2016.275
The purpose of this scientific article is to test the method of quantitative measurement balance scorecard that provides a determination of the degree of implementation of business strategy in the tactical period, and enable them to diagnose problems of implementation. Balanced scorecard is an integral part of the strategic plan of the enterprise that requires careful analysis and monitoring of the results obtained by this technology. Methodological bases of this research study are general statistical methods, dynamic ratio index and the coefficient analysis, the method of paired comparisons. The results of the study: 1) the proposed model the normative model of the enterprise to measure the effectiveness of the implementation of business strategy into tactical period; 2) an example of implementation of algorithm of development of a normative model of the enterprise; 3) the proposed method of the dynamic standard as a tool for strategic analysis of the company. The practical significance of research results consists in possibility of application authoring for the monitoring of enterprise development strategies, as well as the prospects of applying the method of the dynamic standard for building normative models of monitoring of development strategies of regions, municipalities and city districts.
Keywords: balanced scorecard; performance of the implementation of the enterprise strategy; integrated statistical measuring; firm, strategy
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Grade Twelve Students Establishing the Relationship Between Differentiation and Integration in Calculus Using graphs
pp. 3371-3385 | Article Number: iejme.2016.276
Calculus is an important subject for science, engineering, and other fields of studies but phenomenally it is abstract and difficult to learn. Despite its importance, the teaching of introductory calculus always emphasizes manipulation of algebraic notations and rote learning. Most students learn the how instead of the why of calculus due to extensive use of algebraic symbols and notations. Therefore, graphing activities were developed based on the learning cycle approach and the lesson was taught for an hour in the classroom. This study investigates the effectiveness of the lesson in understanding the relationship between differentiation and integration calculus and to measure the students’ attitude towards the learning unit. Sixty-five grade twelve students from higher secondary school were selected for the study. The test scores showed that there was significance improvement in the post-test scores compared to the pre-test scores. It was also found that the lesson was effective and enriching.
Keywords: Calculus, differentiation, integration, graphing activity
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