To the Effective Properties Estimation of Materials
Gennady M. Zhuravlev, Aleksandr N. Sergeyev, Aleksandr Y. Gvozdev, Dmitry A. Provotorov, Nikolay N. Sergeyev & Aleksandr N. Privalov
pp. 1481-1493 | Article Number: iejme.2016.133
On the modern stage, the layer-by-layer production of components using additive technologies became possible. Such components do not require mechanical modifications, but can be deformed by plastic form change. Influence analysis of technological parameters, the degree of deformation, tool geometry, deformation velocity, friction coefficient on the kinematics of material flow, strain-stress state of the blank and the force conditions will help to optimize the process of components manufacturing. The studies were carried out using computer simulations according to multifactorial scheme, while the effect of each factor was estimated using the results of all experiments, which allows receiving more accurate results. The influence of deformation degree, the tool geometry (taper angle), the coefficient of friction, and deformation velocity on the value of technological strength was taken into account as the main technological factor. The influence of modeling of main technological parameters on the process of combined extrusion of thin-walled cylindrical components with the use of application programs reduces the time of process design and improves their accuracy.
Keywords: Additive technologies, combined extrusion, computer simulation, increase of the deformation degree, regression equation
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Design of Special Purposes Products Made of Nanomodified Leather
Liliya Yu. Makhotkina, Valeriia I. Khristoliubova, & Liliya R. Khannanova-Fakhrutdinova
pp. 1495-1503 | Article Number: iejme.2016.134
The most notable changes in shoes during use occur in its volume and upper. Thus, by bearing on foot beams, bending in the metatarsophalangeal joints, they widen in this area. At that, footstep changes the position and pushes against the shoe upper parts, which stretch and then shrink. All these multiple deformations cause the wear of the shoe upper parts. The quality of a product and consumer characteristics of uppers material depend on the adhesive strength of the leather coating and the properties of coating compositions. The priority of improving the leather properties is high-frequency (HF) low-pressure plasma processing. Samples of buffer dry leather and grain leather were subjected to high-frequency plasma treatment under reduced pressure by using a radio frequency (RF) plasma with a discharge power (P) of 0.2 to 1.8 kW and a duration of exposure (tau) up to 7 min. The analysis of morphological changes of nano-modified leather structure was carried out using multifunctional Rigaku SmartLab X-ray diffractometer. Research results show that RF-plasma treatment increases the adhesion of the coating film to the leather uppers and resistance to abrasion and repeated bending of uppers, which define the ability of material to preserve its consumer properties and characterize longer safety of special purpose footwear form during its wearing.
Keywords: Personal protective equipment, special-purpose footwear, nanomodified leather, adhesive strength, radio-frequency plasma
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Theoretical Aspects and Methods of Evaluating the Economic Efficiency of Corporate Management in the Banking Sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Usen S. Alimbetov, Asel A. Apysheva, Lyudmila I. Beloussova, Inagul M. Zhaparova, Karligash T. Konbaeva, Klara T. Nemereneva, Nurlan Tursynbekuly, Nurgul K. Shaihanova, & Kanshaim G. Sholpanbaeva
pp. 1505-1518 | Article Number: iejme.2016.135
The aim of the work is to review the existing approaches of the economic efficiency valuation of the corporate governance in the banking sector and to develop on their basis the ways of improving the effectiveness of the corporate governance in credit organizations of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authors describe the risk assessment method in corporate governance, methods based on the financial data analysis; present the features of two-factor and four-factor predictive models, etc. The study also found that the main aim of the corporate management in the banking sector of Kazakhstan is to increase the potential investor’s confidence to the mechanisms of attracting investments. The practical value of the article is in presenting the promising directions of the corporate governance in Kazakhstan and in suggesting ways to improve the effectiveness of the corporate governance in the banking sector of the Republic, which may be acceptable to the other transition economies.
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The Effect of Innovative Processes on the Cyclical Nature of Economic Development
Maria F. Tyapkina, Elena A. Ilina, & Julia D. Mongush
pp. 1519-1527 | Article Number: iejme.2016.136
The article describes the main characteristics of the economic cycles, a chronology of technological mode with an indication of the driving sectors and sources of energy, in addition it is noted that the economic cycle depends on technological modes and innovative development. It is pointed that the effectiveness of innovative development of organizations lies in achieving of technical, resource, economic and social effects (multi-effect). The article presents the author's interpretation of the term “innovation activity”. Innovation activity is the activity that includes scientific, technological, organizational, financial and business activities, is based on the intellectualization and focused on the commercialization of scientific knowledge, technology and equipment; it combines the social, economic, technical, resource effects. The result of innovation activity is an innovation, as a product (service) or process (technology), and its development is a factor of economic dynamics. The factors influencing innovation activity were emphasized and classified into internal and external, constant and variable-based factors. The conclusion was drawn that the emphasized factors not only affect the innovative activity of organization, but also characterize the life cycle stage of organization, the development of which is also a cyclic process. The article is theoretical.
Keywords: Innovative process; Long waves; K-wave phases; economic cycles
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The Functional Dependence for the Estimation of Additional Losses of Active Power in a Double-Wound Power Transformer Caused by Asymmetric Active-Inductive Load with a Delta Connection
Sergey S. Kostinskiy
pp. 1529-1544 | Article Number: iejme.2016.137
This research investigates the problem of estimating additional losses in 6 (10)/0.4 kV voltage rating double-wound power transformers caused by asymmetric active-inductive load with a delta connection. This research used the symmetrical components method, modern methods of analysis and synthesis of electric circuits, the theory of electric circuits, full-scale experiment, and comparative experiment. The research found a functional dependence that enables estimating additional losses in the transformer caused by asymmetric load, which differs from similar ones in that it uses phase resistance. The amperage, voltage, and active power was measured in each phase of the “distribution transformer – asymmetric load” model to confirm the discovered functional dependence. The experiments showed that the loss of active power, calculated according to the standard formula, should be corrected with regard to the discovered functional dependence. The practical value of the offered functional dependence for the estimation of additional losses is that it enables estimating the losses of active power in transformers due to asymmetry by measured voltage, amperage, and active power for each phase. This makes it universal: there is no need to build equivalent circuits and carry out calculations according to the symmetrical components method.
Keywords: Asymmetric active-inductive load, loss of active power, delta connection, double-wound power transformer, distribution network
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Creation of Permanent Institutional Monitoring Mechanism of Modern Educational Technology Market Significant for Nanoindustry
Veronika V. Yanckovsckaya
pp. 1545-1556 | Article Number: iejme.2016.138
The article briefly represents the results of the monitoring of nanoindustry market. In particular, there is an urgent need for highly qualified personnel today. Accordingly, new educational programs for all levels of professional training are needed. The questionnaire survey of employers from different regions, revealed problems of educational programs. It was found that a system secured in legislation is needed, which would include occupational standards and related “system of obligatory public and professional assessment” of educational programs. During development of the Federal State Education Standards (FSES), in particular when forming professional competencies, it is necessary to take into account the wishes and requirements of employers. The scope of this study is the analysis of employers’ satisfaction in quality of professional training in specialized secondary and higher educational establishments, further vocational education (FVE) and evaluation of the industry needs in the nanoindustry personnel in the future.
Keywords: Educational programs; provider of educational services; overall system of monitoring; nanoindustry needs; result-oriented interpretation
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The Journey of Nikolaj Tikhonov along the Caucasus and the Representation of its Customs and Traditions in his Works
Kamran Sh. Kazimov, Rafik M. Novruzov, & Zemfira A. Veliyeva
pp. 1557-1562 | Article Number: iejme.2016.139
In this article study the journey of Nikolaj Tikhonov along the Caucasus. It gives the analysis of the customs and traditions of the Caucasus people, whose daily life is objectively depicted in Tikhonov’s works dedicated to the theme of Caucasus. An obvious bounding link between the romantic perception and the reflection of the reality of the main characters and their traditions is analyzed and how the author uses his artistic method to depict the national character of the Caucasus people. The works of Tikhonov embrace a wide range of such themes as the theme of the civil war, social rebuilding in the Caucasus, the image of ethnicity and geographical peculiarities of the land and the beauty of nature of the East. During his journey along the Caucasus in 1920-1930, the author shows a great desire to prevent the danger of the new war and calls to fight for peace and freedom. Tikhonov has made a great contribution to the Russian literature, enriching it with internationally related themes, promotion of peace and friendship dually motivated by the experience received from the journey along the land of Caucasus.
Keywords: Geographical journey; romantic perception; international theme; Russian poetry; national customs and traditions
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Dislocation Structure Evolution during Plastic Deformation of Low-Carbon Steel
Georgii I. Raab, Yurii M. Podrezov, Mykola I. Danylenko, Katerina M. Borysovska, Gennady N. Aleshin, & Lenar N. Shafigullin
pp. 1563-1576 | Article Number: iejme.2016.140
In this paper, the regularities of structure formation in low-alloyed carbon steels are analyzed. They coincide to a large extent with the general views on the effect of strain degree on the evolution of deformation structure. In ferrite grains, not only the qualitative picture of changes, well known for Armco iron, is repeated, but also the quantitative values of strain corresponding to a change in the structural state are repeated as well. When investigating samples of a ferritic-pearlitic steel, it is found that structure formation in pearlite essentially lags behind structural changes in ferrite grains, and this delay is observed at all stages of deformation. An important feature of structure formation in pearlite is crack nucleation in cementite, accompanied by dislocation pile-up in the ferrite interlayers of pearlite. Using the method of dislocation dynamics, the relationship between structural transformations and the parameters of strain hardening is analyzed. It is demonstrated that the proposed method of computer analysis reflects well the processes taking place in a material during plastic deformation. The character of the theoretical curve of strain hardening is determined by the dislocation structure that forms in a material at various stages of deformation.
Keywords: Low-alloyed carbon steels; strain degree; evolution of dislocation structure; strain hardening; method of dislocation dynamics
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Antropogenous Changes of Dark-Chestnut Soils of the Northern Kazakhstan and Measures for their Improvement
Akhylbek K. Kurishbayev, Valentina G. Chernenok, Grigoriy A. Zvyagin
pp. 1577-1590 | Article Number: iejme.2016.141
The problem of anthropogenic changes in the agrochemical, chemical and physical properties of dark-chestnut carbonate soils of the Northern Kazakhstan as a result of extensive use in agriculture is considered in the article. It was analyzed the characteristics of degradation processes and their estimation. There was a decrease of humus content, gross forms of nitrogen and phosphorus. The amount of absorbed bases also showed a decrease in direct correlation with the size fraction (<0.001 and 0.01 mm). It was identified and justified the need to develop techniques to restore the potential and effective soil fertility. An analysis of the closest to the target recovery methods of soil humus is given. An objective assessment taking into account the actual organizational and economic, agronomic and technological features and capabilities are shown. The necessity of a comprehensive approach to the restoration of the potential and effective soil fertility with the use of traditional and new approach, a focused management approach soil fertility in relation to the zonal conditions, allowing at the same time to solve two major problems - the restoration of soil fertility, and the optimization of supply, which ensures high efficiency and environmental safety the use of chemicals was justified.
Keywords: Extensive agriculture, degradation, humus mineralization, green manure, restoration of soil fertility
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The World of Fantasy and the Trends in Modern Kazakh Fantastic Literature
Akmonshak Z. Tleuova, Mira R. Baltymova, Gaisha M. Niyazova, Zhanna O. Tektigul, & Tilektes Zh. Toxanbayeva
pp. 1591-1605 | Article Number: iejme.2016.142
Today fantasy is considered to be one of the most important genres of literature, which raises topical problems. Fantasy, especially science fiction, raises a lot of important and urgent problems because it allows readers to dream and develops their imagination. This article outlines the development of science fiction in modern Kazakh literature. The study used a review of non- and science fiction; it analyzes the main functions of science fiction, such as predictive, developing and entertaining ones. It shows the development of the science fiction genre and its current trends.The results demonstrate the importance of the predictive function of science fiction, which is to warn humanity about the possible dangers of technology. Science fiction as a genre is versatile, having a significant impact on the further development of mankind.
Keywords: Fantastic Literature, Kazakh Fantastic Literature, genres of literature, science fiction, modern Kazakh literature
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On the Problem of Formation of the Future Teacher’s Willingness to the Museum Materials Usage in Teaching and Educational Process of University
Daulet K. Omarov, Sharban M. Maigeldiyeva, Zhetkergen M. Utegenov, Zhannat M. Maigeldiyeva, & Sandigul K. Daribaeva
pp. 1607-1620 | Article Number: iejme.2016.143
The article presents the materials on the formation of the future teachers' willingness to foundations usage of the museum pedagogy in the educational process of high school. Are highlighted scientifically substantiated pedagogical conditions, which are necessary for the implementation of this process, namely the insertion of the pedagogical museum component in the content of the theoretical training of future teachers; inclusion of museum-pedagogical problems in the students' research activities; the educational museum tasks system performing during the teaching activities; perform of the educational-museum tasks system during the teaching practice; the future teachers’ immersion into the educational-museum environment in the process of extracurricular work. In the article they are confirmed by experimental results.
The feature of museum pedagogy is to visualize an object of study, what significantly increases the students’ interest to learn. The students also develop the cultural and aesthetic tastes and a growing interest in history. On completion of the experiment, which took place in Korkyt ata Kyzylorda State University, the participants of which amounted 374 people, a survey was carried out, which showed that the students' interest in museum education has grown considerably. The designed course includes the theoretical and practical classes and is intended for 15 hours.
Keywords: Museum pedagogic, museum funds, museum materials, future teacher’s willingness, the spiritual-moral culture
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Generative Learning in Research Education for the Knowledge Society
Alexander O. Karpov
pp. 1621-1633 | Article Number: iejme.2016.144
Education is the main cultural and socioeconomic institution of the knowledge society construction. The connection of education with research is defined as a strategic factor of a new society development. The purpose of the article is to analyze and give a description of generative learning in research education in the context of the development towards the knowledge society. The methodology involves the socio-cultural analysis of education reality, epistemic and didactic analysis of pedagogic relationships, the structural-functional analysis of the 25-years’ experience of the Russian scientific and educational programme for young people and schoolchildren "The Step into the Future". The article substantiates the ontologically key role of research education in the genesis of the knowledge society. The role of generative didactics in nurturing a personality, capable of creating a new knowledge, its technologization and integrating into the socio-economic turnover is shown. The conception of "dynamic competence" is studied. The levels of organization of research education are considered – the institutional, environmental and educational ones. The research education stages are described - the involvement, the construction of a problem-cognitive program, incorporating the achievements of the student in the society activities; examples are provided.
Keywords: Didactics, research, learning, knowledge society
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Organization of Learning Process and Development of Programmes for Special Education Needs Students in Inclusive Education in Russia
Gulnara F. Biktagirova & Alla L. Korotkova
pp. 1635-1642 | Article Number: iejme.2016.145
The article deals with the timeliness and importance of the organization of the basic conditions for the organization of the learning process and the development of the special education needs of inclusive education programs in higher education in Russia. The article discusses the role of inclusive education, revealed the components of the educational environment for visually impaired students: special aspects of architectural mechanisms of environmental protection, the technical organization of the learning process for students with visual impairments. Disclosed the problem of adaptation of the educational program for students with disabilities, psychological support and psychological pedagogical support of students in difficulty learning and life situations. The article substantiates the need for the development of different forms of educational programs and adaptive educational modules (subjects) including higher education requires changes in the conditions of educational institutions and focus on the needs of each student.
Keywords: Educational programme; special education needs training; development of educational programmes; learning process; inclusive education; training conditions
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Periods of Academic Mobility Development in Russia
Alina A. Shakirova & Roza A. Valeeva
pp. 1643-1649 | Article Number: iejme.2016.146
Every year the number of students participating in the mobility programs grows rapidly. This is the main reason of the scientific interest to the problem of academic mobility. In spite of the fact that academic mobility has recently become the subject of study of many researchers, the phenomenon of academic mobility is not a new one. By present time some Russian and foreign researchers have devoted their studies to the problem of the academic mobility periodization. However, most of them cover mostly the XX and XXI centuries. Nevertheless, it does not mean that academic mobility had not existed before that period. Some researchers support the opinion that the beginnings of academic mobility can be found in the Medieval Times. There is a small amount of scientific works devoted to the problem of academic mobility periodization. The analysis of these works is of great importance, as there is no universal variant of academic mobility periodization.
Keywords: Academic mobility; Bologna process; higher education; periodization
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A Valuable Shift in the Reproductive Behavior of the Provincial Population
Liliya R. Murtazina & Alla V. Frolova
pp. 1651-1661 | Article Number: iejme.2016.147
The urgency of the investigated problem is caused by the fact that in Russian society family values are gradually being replaced by values of individualism, rationalism and hedonism. The intensity of the taking place changes leads to essential changes in marriage and family relations, sexual practices of the provincial cities population. With changing values and normative foundation of the family, marriage, children it leads to transformation of reproductive behavior, the crisis of the family as a social institution. The purpose of the article is to subject to sociological analysis the changes of valuable shift in the reproductive behavior of the provincial population. The leading method of the research is the method of triangulation, which is reflected in the use of quantitative and qualitative collection methods. The sociological analysis of changes of valuable shift in the reproductive behavior of the provincial population allowed to reveal the social consequences of cross-conflict marriage values, family and children in the structure of value orientations, which have led to valuable shift in the reproductive behavior of the provincial population and changes (at the level of values) practices of everyday relations of individuals in the matrimonial and sexual spheres. The results of research can be used by public authorities in the development of projects and programs for the development of population and family planning. The practical value of the results related with the possibility of their use in the teaching of the humanities, such as the courses on sociology, demography, as well as special courses on the family sociology of the family, mass communication, literature; gender, economic sociology.
Keywords: Individualism; hedonism; method of triangulation; reproductive behavior;
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Features Parental Attitudes to Adolescents with Disabilities
Leysan M. Zakirova & Ilseiar A. Shafigullina
pp. 1663-1679 | Article Number: iejme.2016.148
A number of reasons of a social nature are cited to psychological problems in children, their difficulties of adaptation in society, in communication and behavior. The most important of them is family, which ontogenetically the first institution of socialization and preserving its socializing affect on the person throughout his life. The conditions of family upbringing, attitude towards the child can have a negative impact on the formation of a child, especially if it exists for a long time, since birth. Goal of the article lays is to study the parental attitudes to various kinds of violations in the activities of individual functions in adolescents, and on this basis the construction of correctional work family relations. Leading method to the study of this problem was psycho-diagnostic (method of tests and survey questionnaires) and statistical methods. This study allows concluding that the success of the development of the child with disabilities will depend on the adequacy of parent perceptions of the disease, awareness of this disease, from parent attitudes, style, tactics of his upbringing and broad social ties. Remedial and preventive activities with the family should be directed mainly to the destruction of certain plants, perceptions, values, motivations, behaviors and forming new ones with the aim of achieving self-realization in society.
Keywords: Parental attitudes, family relations, adolescents with disabilities, the child with disabilities
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Religious Ideas in Contemporary Pedagogy: The Specificity of Moral Concepts of God in the Protestant, Orthodox and Islamic Linguocultures
Liliya V. Bazarovaa & Victoriya V. Sadovaya
pp. 1681-1689 | Article Number: iejme.2016.149
The urgency of the problem under study is stipulated due to the fact that a prerequisite for the use of religious values in the public education system should be the correlation of the chosen method of religion interpretation with the aims and objectives of education. The best approach, enabling to combine correctly their own subjectiveness with objective use of religious values, is the transfer of arguments about religion in the context of culture, i.e. in current socio-cultural, educational field religion should be considered as an element of culture, a factor of increasing moral and spiritual potential of the person. This article aims to identify allomorphic and isomorphic modeling features of phraseological units of religious orientation of the concept “God” on the material of multi-structural languages: English, Russian, Tatar and Turkish in comparative aspect. The leading method to the study of this problem is the method of opinion survey which confirms the accuracy of the analysis. This kind of technique allows screening the impact of religious education for further personal enhancement and community relief. The analysis of God representations in different linguocultures reveals the distinctive features and attributes. Some features are detailed and do not form a conceptual component, others are on the periphery, which lead to the existence of transethnic sphere of concepts that do not mean a complete coincidence of the content of concepts in different linguocultures, whereas cultural concepts of different ethnic groups are verbalized both in language codes and in the memory of the historical extent of their existence. The paper submissions can be used in the theoretical and practical courses of English, Russian, Tatar and Turkish phraseology, in comparative linguistics, special courses on cultural and cognitive linguistics, in the preparation of teaching materials and multilingual phraseological dictionaries, in exploratory activity and educational work.
Keywords: Linguoculture; pedagogical potential of religion; phraseological units of religious orientation; culture representative; attribute of concept
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Pedagogical Potential of Discipline Logic in the Development of Student Thinking Culture
Askar G. Khairullin & Anvar N. Khuziakhmetov
pp. 1683-1696 | Article Number: iejme.2016.150
Considering the culture of thinking development in a pedagogical context, it should be noted that during an individual development, a person learning concepts historically shaped by a humanity, does not spontaneously perceive and remember them. Acquisition of knowledge requires any mental activity, corresponding to the content of concepts. The aim of the article is to justify the development of a student thinking culture of a high school in the course of studying humanitarian discipline logic and to identify the main features, criteria and indicators of university students thinking culture development. The leading methods of research are: a) the theoretical analysis of philosophical, psychological and pedagogical literature; b) study; c) synthesis of advanced pedagogical experience, which allowed to substantiate the prognostic value of the pedagogical potential of the discipline logic in the students thinking culture development and an introduction to the student’s curriculum of humanitarian course of logic. The following criteria were identified: motivational-axiological (degree of awareness of the students the value of thinking culture); cognitive (the degree of awareness of operations and methods of thought activity); the operational (the nature of the operations and of intellectual activity techniques acquisition and skills to produce rational actions on their application in the educational and extracurricular cognitive processes) and personal (maturity of a reflective position, the degree of mind efficiency and the ability to solve problems creatively). The following provisions have been proved: methodological basis (it constitutes a dialectical and formal logic, the laws of non-contradiction and of the excluded middle); psychological basis (the definition of leading role of receptive kinds of communicative activity in a thinking culture development in a process of logic teaching); logical basis (adoption of logic as a necessary attribute of social life, which is also a way to communicate between different groups of people).
Keywords: Pedagogical potential, development of student thinking culture
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Nature and Principles of the Phenomenon of Higher Education Integration: Mechanisms of Implementation, Pros and Cons, the Effectiveness and the Management
Aida R. Nurutdinova, Elena V. Dmitrieva, Liliya R. Gazizulina, Natalya M. Tarasova, & Elvira I. Galiullina
pp. 1697-1712 | Article Number: iejme.2016.151
This article is focused on the nature and basic principles of the phenomenon of higher education integration: its mechanisms of implementation, its pros and cons, its effectiveness, and management. The leading methods in the study of this problem are the observations, conversations, and pedagogical experiment, allowing checking of the effectiveness of the proposed organizational and pedagogical conditions of higher education integration. The article deals with (from the standpoint of the unity of nature development, human society) views on idea of integration and the idea of education identified the need for this study, brief results, the conclusions of which are listed below, can be the basis for the formation of the goals of the integration processes in modern education and mechanisms their implementation. The paper submissions are of a definite value for the organization in the system of higher education.
Keywords: High education; modernization; integration process; science and entrepreneurship; pedagogical retraining system
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The Russian Federation Government Resolution dated April 9, 2010 № 218 "On measures of state support of development of cooperation of Russian higher education institutions and organizations implementing integrated projects for high-tech industries”.
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The Mechanism of Business Integration and the Training System for the Tourism Industry
Natalia A. Zaitseva, Anna A. Larionova, Olga V. Skrobotova, Svetlana N. Trufanova, & Elena V. Dashkova
pp. 1713-1722 | Article Number: iejme.2016.152
High-grade training and serving tourists are some of the main conditions for improving the quality of integrated tourist product, the attractiveness and competitiveness of Russian tourism, which causes the relevance of the article. The purpose of this article is to present the results of the integration of business study and training system for the tourism industry through the establishment of a national system of professional qualifications, conducted within the framework of the research work "the Formation of the organizational-economic mechanism of creation of national system of professional qualifications in the hospitality industry" (registration number of RTD projects: AAAA-A16-116021510165-3). General scientific methods of cognition, including theoretical research (analysis, synthesis, aggregation), as well as methods of logical-determinant structure information, structural-descriptive method, and expert evaluation were used to study this problem. The approach to training for the tourism industry, proposed in this article is fundamentally different from existing approaches, those that see it as part of the national system of professional qualifications. The article substantiates that the basis of the mechanism of integration of business and education is the development of business representatives and professional standards activities. The authors note that professional standards are the basis not only of improving the system of personnel training for the tourism industry, but also the subsequent independent assessment of the qualifications of graduates of universities and colleges. The materials of the article are of practical value to educational institutions engaged in the training of personnel for the tourism industry and the companies in this sector.
Keywords: Training; tourism industry; professional standard; integration mechanism
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Prospects of Application of Technologies of Test Control of Students’ Knowledge in the Direction of Preparation «Ecology and Environmental Management»
Elvira G. Sabirova & Elena V. Sarbaeva
pp. 1723-1734 | Article Number: iejme.2016.153
Relevance of the considered problem is caused by broad application of test technologies in the course of realization of the main educational program 022000.62 (05.03.06) «Ecology and environmental management». The purpose of article consists in development of integrated approach to an assessment of properties of test tasks, to the principles of selection of their maintenance, development of approaches to creation of sets of test tasks which can be included in funds of estimated means of various disciplines. The empirical method and questioning were the leading methods of research in this work. In work examples of test tasks of various designs on the example of one of the all-professional competences formed at ecologists are given; the average percent of the solution of test tasks of different designs is analysed, by results of questioning of students it is revealed that it is quite enough time allowed for execution of the test to most of students, and test tasks consider more than a half of respondents as lungs in spite of the fact that the coefficient of the decision indicates that the majority of tasks had average difficulty. Results of researches have allowed to reveal high interest of students in use of technologies of test control of knowledge practically of all disciplines provided by the main educational program; students at poll point to objectivity of measurement of results of training by means of test technologies, speed of receiving results and to the favorable psychological atmosphere of educational process at estimation of knowledge.
Keywords: Test tasks; forms of test tasks; fund of estimated means; competence-based approach
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Optimization of Mental States of 6-7 years old Children with Speech Disorders in a Cross-Cultural Space
Venera G. Zakirova & Svetlana V. Velieva
pp. 1735-1749 | Article Number: iejme.2016.154
The relevance of research: The relevance of the study due to the need to pay special attention to the active development, emotional well-being and positive mental states of each child in the educational space and insufficient knowledge of psychological mechanisms, effective scientific and methodological developments optimization of mental states in a cross-cultural educational environment preschool organization. Purpose of the study: The purpose of the article is to develop a training system to optimize the mental states in preschool children 6-7 years old with speech pathology in a cross-cultural educational environment of preschool organization and its testing. Methods research: The leading method is a pedagogical experiment, which allowed to identify the effectiveness of folk tales in the optimization of mental states in preschool children 6-7 years old with speech pathology. Results of the study: The article deals with the structure, stages, content, basic techniques of training the system to optimize the mental states in preschool children with speech pathology, built on the material folk fairy tales. The efficiency of the work, consisting of three interconnected stages: cognitive-emotional; verbal and artistic samples; stage entry into the problematic situation in the face of uncertainty, solutions «open creativity» preschoolers tasks while increasing the voice activity. Statistically significant shown that the developed training system is effective and can be used in the practice of educational organizations to work with preschool children. Practical significance: Article Submissions are of practical value for the professional work of teachers, psychologists, speech therapists, speech therapists for psychological well-being in a group of preschool organization, optimization of mental states of pre-school children 6-7 years with speech pathology.
Keywords: Pre-school children, speech pathology, folk fairy tales, optimization, mental state
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Taking Care of student Careful Transition to University (A Case-Study of Linguistics Major at Kazan Federal University)
Diana R. Sabirova, Nadezhda P. Pomortseva, & Tatiana V. Morozova
pp. 1751-1759 | Article Number: iejme.2016.155
First-year students face the challenges of campus life right at the university entrance. The issue of transition of first-year students to the academic environment is crucial to determine their further development as individuals and future specialists. The paper aims at analyzing the expectations of freshmen and examining the degree of students’ satisfaction with the multicultural academic environment at Kazan Federal University, Russia. The findings will contribute to facilitating a timely transition into campus life and personal development of freshmen. The leading approach is observation and classification as well as interviewing, collecting, analyzing and synthesizing the data, received via interviews and survey. The authors conclude that three out of ten first-year students majoring in Linguists whose academic adaptation is assessed as extremely low should be paid special attention. Adaptation must be differentiated considering different student categories: gender, age, social and economic background, level of basic foreign and Russian language knowledge and skills. The materials of the research may be useful for applicants and university students as well as university staff and researchers who are willing to help students make the most of their academic years and become successful individuals and efficient specialists with a university degree.
Keywords: Student transition to university; adaptation; university entrants; tutor; academic environment
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Moral Dimensions of Youth’s World View in Multi-Ethnic Environment
Anatolij V. Nekhoroshkov
pp. 1761-1771 | Article Number: iejme.2016.156
Relevance of the study: Relevance of the investigated problem is determined by enhancement of the globalization processes and lack of adequate preparedness of teachers to prevent conflicts arising due to poor awareness and inapprehension of ethnic and cultural characteristics of students. Objective of the study: The aim of the paper is to study general and specific ethical dimension characteristics of world view of students who belong to the main ethnic groups of the Russian Federation (the Russians and the Tatars), different religions (Islam and Christianity) and cultures. Methods of the study: The leading method of the problem research is a standardized survey questionnaire which provides cultural differences monitoring in the sphere of ethnicity. Results of the study: The paper substantiates the view that the Tatar ethnic group has more specific features peculiar to collectivist cultures in comparison with the Russian ethnic group. Practical significance: Paper content might be useful in training on the development of a tolerant person in educational institutions.
Keywords: World view; ethnic group; Morality; culture; personal values
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The Use of Interactive Learning Technologies in Teaching a Foreign Language in High School
Agzam A. Valeev, Liliya A. Latypova, & Niyaz R. Latypov
pp. 1773-1785 | Article Number: iejme.2016.157
Modern Russian educational system is focused today on the use of interactive technologies in education. It is due to such objective factors as the possibility to enhance learning efficiency; the possibility of assimilation per unit of time more training concepts; increasing the speed of assimilation of the material; encouraging the active participation of each student in the learning process; awakening students' interest in learning a foreign language; providing multifaceted impact on them. In this regard, in the recent researches on pedagogy and psychology it is highly recommended to use interactive technologies, which involves giving students the opportunity to individually expand and deepen their language skills, as well as forming their subject position in determining their educational path. The article reveals the essence of the use of interactive technologies in teaching a foreign language and gives structurally-substantial characteristics of this technology; grounded didactic conditions for the implementation of interactive technologies in teaching a foreign language; the content and methods of interactive learning at collaborative learning and, in general, the implementation of interactive technologies in the practice of the school. The article proposes the model of foreign language teaching methodology of the Russian high school students, due to the overall goal setting system of education in Russia, as well as the specifics of subject "Foreign Language".
Keywords: Interactive technology; foreign language; language skills; educational resources
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Formation of Mathematical Terminology in Junior School Children
Elvira G. Sabirova, Venera G Zakirova
pp. 1787-1795 | Article Number: iejme.2016.158
The actuality of studied problem is conditioned by the fact that nowadays development of personality is interrelated with mastering definite system of scientific knowledge. The article is intended on revealing pedagogical potentiality of reference materials as the basic mean that provides formation of mathematical terminology in junior school children. Pedagogical experience of Russian Federation elementary school teachers was the leading method applied in studying of this problem. As the result of this study there became description of work practice with reference materials and there was compiled trilingual explanatory dictionary of mathematical terms for junior pupils. These materials can be useful for elementary school teachers, directors of additional education, parents of junior pupils in process of teaching mathematics.
Keywords: Junior pupil; teaching mathematics; mathematical terms; ability to use terminology; reference materials for learners; elementary school; teaching process; mathematical terminology
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Experimental Analytical Model of Conditions and Quality Control of Vocational Training of Workers and Specialists
Alfiya R. Masalimova & Anatoliy S. Chibakov
pp. 1796-1808 | Article Number: iejme.2016.159
The relevance of the study problem is caused by the transformation in professional education on achieving international standards, increasing requirements to the quality of training skilled workers and mid-level professionals, preparing of students for successful employment in high-tech production and well-developed services. The purpose of the article is to develop models of effective organization and quality control of vocational training of workers and specialists on the basis of objective and reliable quantitative and qualitative indicators by using mathematical and statistical methods. The leading method to the research of this problem is analytical modeling, which allows to systematically scrutiny the dynamic processes of professional and personal developments of students in real conditions of theoretical and practical training. At this stage of the studying it can be stated that the proposed model of conditions and quality control of training skilled workers and mid-level professionals have received confirmation of effectiveness. A set of terms and indicators has been developed as instrumentation: percentages of time; individual coefficient and performance indicators by main types of training activities; total individual performance indicator; theoretical and real individual indicators of the number of assessments; GPA; individual coefficients considering attending the additional courses and activities, participation in professional competitions and effectiveness of this participation; integrated individual (group) indicator of the quality of learning; individual (group) rating. The proposed model provides the purposeful and systematic formation of General and professional competences of students. Analytical model conditions and the quality control of training of workers and specialists are tested in educational institutions and designed for practical usage of teaching staff of educational institutions to predict future achievements of professional learning, obtaining intermediate and final analytical results and making timely adjustments to the educational process.
Keywords: Professional education; theoretic and practical training; competence; professional development\
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Shaidullina, A.R., Ishmuradova, A. M., Maksimova, E. V., Yevgrafova, O. G., Derdizova, F. V., Baklanov, P.A., Bagateeva, A. O. (2015b). The Implementation of the Cluster Approach in the Regional System of Vocational Education. Review of European Studies, 7(4), 66-72.
Shaidullina, A.R., Morov, A. V., Morova, N. S., Petrova, T. N., Kirillova, O. V., Kirillova, T. V., Riazantzeva, I. M. (2015c). The Features of Social Partnership as a Mechanism for the Integration of Education and Production. Review of European Studies, 7(3), 292-297.
Shaidullina, A.R., Sinitzyn, O. V., Nabiyeva, A. R., Yakovlev, S. A., Maksimov, I. N., Gatina, A. R., Akhmetov, L. G. (2015a). Functions and Main Directions of Development of the Integrated Educational-Industrial Complex “College—University—Enterprise”. Review of European Studies, 7(4), 228-233.
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Language Education in the Regions of Russia and Canada: a Comparative Analysis
Liliya R. Slavina & Irina V. Khairova
pp. 1809-1816 | Article Number: iejme.2016.160
This article is focused on the language policy comparative analysis necessity in the sphere of education in the regions of Russia and Canada. The aim of the work is to identify the management risks and to use the studied regions positive experience meeting the challenges facing the policy and language planning in the Russian Federation regions. The comparative description method of the language support programs, the way for the implementation at the various institutional levels are the basis for the analysis in this article. The results showed that “The Tatar State Program”, developed by the Republic of Tatarstan, encompasses all contexts of language management such as regulatory and legal support; organizational and structural support; coordination and arranging of the scientific scholars, maintain resources for language training at all levels in the educational system; national- language environment for the family; public opinion institutions; resource provision. “Plan 2013” is a roadmap for the French language development as the sate language of Canada, and it is the tied more to the field of education, which trends to the modal of “bi or multilingual Canadian”. The results presented in the article can be useful as the recommendations to implement the regional language development in the educational sphere. The comparative analysis of the language policy maintained by Russian and North American regions seems relevant as it enables to identify risks of language management and use the positive experience of the studied regions to solve the tasks of language policy and language planning in the regions of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: Multi-ethnicity; model of language policy; language education; language planning; ethnic community; multiculturalism
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Some Social Foundations of Modern Higher Education Development Issues
Aydar T. Kayumov & Ekaterina V. Mokeyeva
pp. 1817-1825 | Article Number: iejme.2016.161
The topicality of the research presented in the article is determined by the fact of educational area, on the whole, and higher education, in particular, aiming at the main factor of social progress – human resource evolution, the latter being direct investment in a man. The purpose of the article is to reveal some key social problems higher education development faces nowadays. Lead method of the study is socio-phylosophical analysis, aimed at revealing key questions and contradictions in the system of higher education development, and in higher technical education, in particular. These questions analysis let the researchers point out and reveal acute contradictions between the aspirations of society, on the one hand, and actual results of higher education system functioning, on the other hand. To settle the argument one needs to modify the system of higher education graduates training, including higher technical institution.
Keywords: Higher education; systematic approach; socio-professional status; higher education institution potential; personality professionalization
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Diagnostic Testing of Student’s Physical Condition as a Motive for the Sports Activity
Vladimir N. Bolgov & Almir R. Abashev
pp. 1827-1836 | Article Number: iejme.2016.162
The relevance of the study of students’ motivations for engaging in systematic physical activity is conditioned by recession of student’s physical activity and health deterioration. Formation of demands in systematic physical activity is the overriding priority in the field of non-professional sports education in higher school. This article considers the possibilities of usage the diagnostic testing of the student’s physical condition along with a specially designed educational content as a motive for the sports activity. A modern theory of activity serves as a concept, which defines a leading role in the student’s motivation for physical activity. Methods of quantitative determination of the level of health and practical realization of health problems by means of physical culture are used in the research. The research allowed us to identify the causes of the lack of student’s physical activity, to analyze the subjective self-evaluation of their health and physical fitness. The research also allowed us to evaluate the effectiveness of approach to the extramural students’ physical education in higher school with the leading role of motivation of sports activity. This article will be useful for professionals working with students of extramural or distance mode of study in the field of non-professional physical education.
Keywords: Formation of demands to physical activity, quantity of health, self-diagnostic procedure
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Bioacustic Сorrection Application in the Psychologist’s Practice
Lubov Yu. Komarova & Alla V. Frolova
pp. 1837-1845 | Article Number: iejme.2016.163
The relevance of the topic is justified by usage of the cutting edge technologies (instrumental approaches to correction) in the psychologist’s practice that requires high qualified professional level of psychological and pedagogical competence as well as the other skills for effective correction of psycho-emotional, speech, and cognitive functions of the patient with cerebrovascular disturbance. The objective of the paper is to develop methodical approaches and arrange the psychologist’s work employing the state-of –the-art technologies. The leading approach to the research of the topic is the modeling method that allows studying the topic as a direct and organized process of honing the professional skills. The paper structure includes the target, content, organizational and procedural, and effective components. The enhancement of the differentiated approach to speech and psychological recovery of patients with cerebrovascular disturbance by means of “Sinhro-S” bio-acoustic correction (BAC) allows rehabilitating the lost functions efficiently and boosting the experts ‘professional skills.
Keywords: Bioacustic correction; methods of “Sinhro-S” BAC; organic brain damage; psycho-emotional condition; reconstructive correction
Fedotchev, A. I., Bondar, A. T. & Kim, E. B. (2000) Adaptive biofeedback control and functional state of a person. Human physiology 33(3), 79-96.
Kadykov, A. S., Chernikov L. A. & Shakhparonova, N. V. (2009) Rehabilitation of patients with diseases and injuries of the nervous system. Moscow. 102р.
Konstantinov, K. V., Sizov, V. V. & Miroshnikov, D. B. (2000) the Method of bioacoustics correction of psychophysiological state of the organism. Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine. 98, 119-132.
Konstantinov, K. V., Sizov, V. V., Miroshnikov, D. B., Isimbaeva, V. N., Gabdrakhmanov, S. Yu., Klimenko, V. M. (2000a) Reconstruction of hemispheric symmetry of the brain bioelectrical activity in patients with asthenoneurotic syndrome by the method of bioacoustics correction. Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine. 129(2), 139-141.
Konstantinov, K. V., Sizov, V. V., Miroshnikov, D. B., Isimbaeva, V. N., Burov, V. V., Klimenko, V. M. (2000b) Self-regulation of the functional state of the Central nervous system of man the method of bioacoustics correction. Biofeedback, 4, 7-15.
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Education Policy of the Russian Federation in Teaching Co-official Languages
Jamila N. Mustafina & Gulnara F. Biktagirova
pp. 1847-1856 | Article Number: iejme.2016.164
The research topic relevance is justified by the globalization process that put regional and minor languages in a vulnerable position. The system of education considered from this viewpoint can protect and develop the regional languages. The aim of the paper is to expose the modern tendencies in the Russian Federation education policy regarding learning and teaching the co-official languages so as to elaborate new approaches of enhancing their functional potential development through the education system. The aim fulfillment required using the methods of the statistic and contrastive analysis, synthesis and modeling that allowed having all-round view of the Russian Federation co-official languages employment in the education process considering the new Federal Education Standards. The analysis carried out estimates and notes the discrepancy in the hours for co-official languages learning in primary school after the new Education Standards for each year of primary school coming into force. That allows foreseeing further development of co-official language learning and elaborating recommendations on the process enhancement. The paper materials present a practical interest for enhancing the education policy in the RF regions, developing curriculums and programs for primary school. The research results can serve as a practical material when planning work for education authorities, teaching staff and politicians interested in boost of co-language teaching efficiency and using them as an education tool.
Keywords: Co-official languages teaching; education policy; regional component; co-official language
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Goryacheva, M. (2002) The basic types of language situations of the Russian Federation. Language and modern society. Materials of conferece of PhD students, 80-100.
Grishaeva, E. (2011) Language policy in multi-ethnic and multicultural space. Theoretical and functional aspects, Lambert, Saarbruken. 452p.
Kambolov, Т. (2007) Language situation and language policy in Northern Osetia: history, modernity, perspectives. Vladikavkaz: NOSU. 290p.
Mikhalchenko, V. (2010) Principles of functional typology of languages of Russia. Language and society in modern Russia and other countries. Materials of the Scientific Conference “Language. Culture. Society. 42p.
Mustafina, D., Slavina, L. & Mustafina, L. (2014a) Language policy and Language Situation in the Russian National Regions. European Journal of Science and Theology, 6, 185-191.
Mustafina, J (2012) Functional Development of Tatar and other regional languages of Russia and Europe in the context of sociolinguistic paradigm. Naberezhnye Chelny: Kama State Academy. 260p.
Slavina, L., Mustafina, J. & Mustafina, L. (2014b) Multiculturalism. Multilingualism. Canadian Experience. Philological Sciences, 2(42), 182-184.
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Welsh Experience in Supporting Regional Languages in Education
Kamila N. Gataullina & Albina R. Drozdikova–Zaripova
pp. 1857-1865 | Article Number: iejme.2016.165
The topic relevance is justified by the mankind intention to protecting and reviving a native language as a process of saving a self-identity and an authentic culture, the modern tendencies on reducing globalization risks regarding the regional and minor languages, search for new effective ways to facilitate and develop them in the modern world. The paper deals with the modern language and education policy of Wales regarding the Welsh language with further adoption of the best practice. The basic methods of the current research are the contrastive analysis of the statutory acts of the government of Wales regarding the results achieved that allow bringing to light the main tendencies and evidences of Welsh in the education sphere of Wales, methods of analysis, synthesis, and systematization. The synthesis of the analysis results shows the trends and handicaps in the implementation process and facilitating the Welsh functional potential in the education system. The statistics analysis of the quantitative indexes of Welsh in the education system is generalized in the tables, displays the positive tendencies of Welsh developments, and the education system acts as the main tool in the process of boosting the Welsh functional potential in the modern world. The paper reveals the problematic parts of the processes involved in the education system. The materials can have practical application when planning the language and educational policies regarding the minor languages in Europe and the Russian regions.
Keywords: Language policy; Welsh; European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages; primary and secondary school
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Mustafina, D. (2012) Functional Development of Tatar and other regional languages of Russia and Europe in the context of sociolinguistic paradigm. Nab. Chelny: Kama State Academy. 260p.
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Continuity of Communicative Culture Creating in Teaching Process of Foreign Languages (School-Technical School-University)
Marina S. Ilina & Nadezhda Y. Kostyunina
pp. 1867-1878 | Article Number: iejme.2016.166
The relevance of the topic research is determined by the fact that current tendency of intercultural integration, one sign of which is the continuity of personal qualities’ development, stimulate the search for new approaches to form communicative culture in the process of learning. The purpose of the study is to identify and substantiate pedagogical conditions of realization of continuity of formation of communicative culture in the process of teaching a foreign language in the system "school – College – University". The purpose of the research is to reveal and prove pedagogical conditions of the implementation of continuity of creating communicative culture in teaching process of foreign languages (school-technical school-university) A leading approach to the study of this problem is the experiment, that allows to evaluate problem in details and to obtain objective results. As the result of the research it was possible to identify pedagogical conditions contributing effective communicative culture’s formation by means of a foreign language in the system "school – College – University", that is the use of complex means of ensuring implementation of continuity principles; the continuity use of model’s formation of communicative culture, which includes target, substantial and procedural components of language training; the construction process of foreign language teaching based on the integration of leading technologies of foreign language study: communication technology , the technology of "Dialogue of cultures" and the educational technology in cooperation, providing an communicative culture’s formation in the system of school-technical school-university. Theoretical and practical value of investigation is undoubted. The results can be used by foreign language teachers at schools, technical schools, universities to improve the level of learner’s communicative culture.
Keywords: Communicative culture, continuity, school, technical school, university, traditional approach, stages of learning, communicative situations, principles of education
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Formation of Information-Educational Environment in the Partner Universities of University of Shanghai Cooperation Organization
Aydar M. Kalimullin & Zulhiza I. Islamova
pp. 1879-1890 | Article Number: iejme.2016.167
Actual continuity of the problems stated in this article caused by the fact that the modernization of the process of training teachers for the Eurasian area in the context of internationalization requires the development of a unified information and educational environment of the University of the Shanghai Organization of Cooperation partner universities in the direction of «Pedagogy». The purpose of the article is to develop a model of the information educational environment of the partner universities and the conditions of its formation in the context of internationalization and informatization. The leading method to the study of this problem is the simulation method to address this issue as the meaningful and organized design process and the formation of the information educational environment of partner universities on the basis of networking, distance learning, information and methodological support of the Shanghai cooperation organization of the University of partner universities cooperation in the direction of «Pedagogy». The developed information educational environment of the partner universities include components such as information and communication environment, scientific research environment, organizational and managerial environment. Teaching materials, presented in the article, methodical and technological nature may be useful in the design and shaping of information educational environment of partner institutions in accordance with the principles of intensity, psychological comfort, and the democratic possibilities of individualization of learning, openness and availability of information resources.
Keywords: Informational and educational environment, information and communication environment, scientific research environment, organizational and managerial environment
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Technological Features of Contextual and Heuristic Type in the Process of Teaching a Foreign Language in a Technical College
Irina V. Arkhipova & Victoriya V. Sadovaya
pp. 1891-1899 | Article Number: iejme.2016.168
The applicability of the problem under investigation is due to the fact that pedagogical technologies employed in a higher school are characterized by the same peculiarities as the technologies in a secondary school. However, the transition from student to learner position based on age and other changes is the result of the transformation of not only the subject, but also the structural units of his educational activity. Therefore, this article is aimed at analyzing various educational technologies that ensure greater effectiveness of education, contributing to the development of motivation for learning, development of interests, aptitudes and abilities. All this allows us to speak about the necessity to implement the pedagogical technology of contextual teaching in the educational process of students. The leading research method of the following problem is an empirical one allowing to check efficiency of educational technology in the process of teaching foreign language students in a technical college. The article deals with the problem of pedagogical technology, its objectives and specifics and a number of pedagogical technologies of a higher school are distinguished. The authors conclude that core technologies while teaching a foreign language are based on intensive, communicative, situational methods. Results of the study suggest us to state that a combination of technologies of contextual and heuristic type improves productivity of a teacher and efficiency at mastering an educational material by students. The materials of the article have a practical value as they can help teachers to orient correctly in the abundance of the proposed methods and techniques of work with students and identify those that will be most effective in the context of a particular educational situation.
Keywords: Technology, structure, educational process, classification, feature
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Study on Willingness of Future Math Teachers to Enhance the Learning and Cognitive Activity of Students
Nailya V. Timerbaeva, Elmira I. Fazleeva, & Kadriya B. Shakirova
pp. 1901-1909 | Article Number: iejme.2016.169
The urgency of the problem stated in this paper results from the fact that willingness of students to organize future professional activities requires the correction of contents, forms and methods of practical classes on techniques of teaching mathematics, as well as the improvement of programs of all types learning and teaching practices. The leading methods to the problem of the study were: theoretical analysis and familiarization of studies, questionnaire surveys, overt observations, design methods, analysis of creative activity products. The study involved about 1,000 students, 50 young teachers, and 15 university teachers. The main purposes of the study are to identify the means of training future math teachers to enhance learning and cognitive activities of students, to identify the main difficulties of students and young teachers in the organization and in enhancement of learning and cognitive activities of students, and to determine the level of willingness of students to enhance learning and cognitive activities (reproductive, functional, creative).
Keywords: Learning cognitive activity; teaching methods; teaching practices; future math teachers
Dautova, O. B. (2011) Changing learning and cognitive activity of students in modern education. : PhD Thesis. St. Petersburg, 232p.
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University Students’ Peer Assessment in the Language Environment: From Rote to Meaningful Learning
Liliya A. Latypova, Oksana V. Polyakova, and Niyaz R. Latypov
pp. 1911-1917 | Article Number: iejme.2016.170
The study presents the research on how the shift to student-centered approach drastically changed the educational environment. Greater flexibility both in the content and teaching methods is the greatest challenge for educational community. The paper describes results of the experiment aimed to prove the effectiveness of peer assessment method to form meaningful learning. The experiment outcome convinced that contradiction between students’ perception of learning and teaching practices of educators is eliminated by the paradigm shift from direct form of teaching to a more collaborative one. The purpose of the research was to examine both learners’ performance and evaluators’ assumptions regarding that performance cooperatively at each stage. To achieve this objective, we conducted the experiment where students’ focus group was exposed to peer-assessment practice throughout the course while training of others was based on traditional method. The results proved the efficiency of peer assessment method in meaningful learning formation by observing students’ final project presentation. The experiment showed viability and prospects of meaningful learning. To create continuity lessons and the whole curriculum should be based on meaningful learning. We state meaningful learning to have crucial value both for Bachelor and Master students’ success in mastering the English language and maintaining learners’ continued engagement in the process of acquiring linguistic competence.
Keywords: Education; student; language training; rote learning; meaningful learning; peer assessment
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Study of Family Values of Adolescents from Families with Many Children Formation
Gulnara F. Biktagirova & Roza A. Valeeva
pp. 1919-1926 | Article Number: iejme.2016.171
This article focuses on the development of specialized programs of family values of adolescents from families with many children formation and the experimental study of their effectiveness. The main forms and methods in the study of this problem are the observation, interviews, questionnaires, psychological tests and pedagogical experiment allowing verifying the effectiveness of the proposed program for the formation of family values of adolescents from families with many children. The article deals with the timeliness and importance of the problem of family values of children from large families formation, the current state of the problem in psychological and pedagogical literature, theoretical and experimental study of the family values of adolescents from large families formation, specifics of upbringing in a large family. It is experimentally proved the need for the development and testing of special programs on the formation of the adolescents’ family values using various forms and methods of working with large family.
Keywords: Family; family values; family with many children; family pedagogy; the formation of family values; teen; child from a large family
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Basic Principles and Conditions of Training Reflective Teachers at University
Gulnara F. Biktagirova
pp. 1927-1933 | Article Number: iejme.2016.172
This article aims at revealing the basic principles and conditions for the preparation of a reflective teacher in classical university. On the basis of theoretical research, analysis of psychological and educational literature and great educational experience, the fundamental principles of preparation of students as future professional reflective teachers are revealed. The article deals with the theoretical and methodological basis of the current reseatch, presents the main arguments for the training of a future reflective teacher in a classical university. The paper discusses the feasibility of conditions based on the integration of the principles presented in various forms of active learning (i.e. business games, design, problem solving, microcharacterization, workshops, discuyive lectures, lectures-dialogues and practice throughout the learning process, etc.). Also forms of activity and simulation of various types of social interaction were studied. The ability to develop a criterial restructuring of activity is provided and the way to self-cognition and self-development is opened.
Keywords: Pedagogical reflectivity; reflexive teacher; reflexive learning, university; basic principles; training conditions
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Socio-cultural Deprivation of Teenage Muslim Migrants as the Factor of Interfaith Intolerance Emergence
Alla V. Frolovа
pp. 1935-1944 | Article Number: iejme.2016.173
The topicality of the problem stated in the paper is substantiated by the fact that migration is one type of extreme impacts on the personality; it triggers stressor and quite often the child is not able to adapt to a different confession environment; in addition, it provokes the emergence of ethnic hatred and hostility, and religious extremism among teenagers. The conducted research enables to draw a conclusion that sociocultural deprivation of Muslim migrants teenagers is connected with the experience of dissatisfaction, powerlessness, hopelessness, compulsiveness, perception of environment as hostile, tendency to exaggerate dangers, sharp depressive experiences, absence of future positive vision, feeling of impossibility to change or improve conditions of life; sociocultural deprivation of Muslim migrants teenagers correlates with the level of interfaith intolerance; the predetermining role of deprivation expressiveness as a predictively significant factor influencing the efficiency of Muslim migrants’ adaptation and emergence of intolerance was established. Materials from the paper are of practical value for teachers, psychologists and social workers; research results ascertain that revealed features of Muslim migrants can be considered as significant criteria to create an adequate model of migrants’ adaptation. From practical point of view, it is an opportunity to predict migrants’ adaptation process and to effectively conduct psycho-prophylactic work.
Keywords: Muslim migrants; adaptation; deprivation; interfaith intolerance; anticipation
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Laser Measuring Apparatus Based on Using Bifocal Lenses
Abilhan U. Umbetov, Borankul Z. Uzakova, Meyramkul T. Abdrakhmanova, Anar K. Tulegenova, Assel A. Aubakirova, & Saule Zh. Dzhaketova
pp. 1945-1959 | Article Number: iejme.2016.174
In order to determine resolving power of electronic and optical devices and photo materials, first and foremost interference methods are considered to be used. For further development of the transmission of television systems with high-resolution there have been considered use of the following ranks of instruments: laser interference rezolvometer dissector, the laser polarization interferometer of longitudinal shear and acoustic and optical correlator. Authors mark the main advantages of LIR that works according to the scheme of polarization interferometer compared to LIR that works according the scheme based on the projective technique. Interference method gives much greater contrast. This proves that in the projection method with an increase in spatial frequency contrast of the test pattern falls and the results obtained by this method are be recalculated with taking into account dependence of ratio of transmission contrast focusing optics on the spatial frequency.
Keywords: Bifocal lens; laser beam; resolvometer; interferometer; acoustic and optical correlator
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